HSK 6 Words & Flashcards

The HSK (Level VI) assesses test takers’ abilities in the application of everyday Chinese. It is the counterpart of the Level V of the Chinese Language Proficiency Scales for Speakers of Other Languages and the C2 Level of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEF). Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level VI) can easily comprehend written and spoken information in Chinese and can effectively express themselves in Chinese, both orally and on paper.

Hanzi Pinyin Meaning
āi get close to/in sequence
爱不释手 àibúshìshǒu love something too much to part with it
爱戴 àidài love and respect
暧昧 àimèi ambiguous/shady
癌症 áizhèng cancer
昂贵 ángguì expensive/costly
案件 ànjiàn legal case/judicial case
案例 ànlì (Law) case
按摩 ànmó massage
安宁 ānníng peaceful/calm/tranquil/composed
暗示 ànshì drop a hint/suggest
安详 ānxiáng serene/composed
安置 ānzhì find a place for/help settle down/arrange for
áo endure/to boil
奥秘 àomì mystery/enigma/profound/deep
凹凸 āotū (of a surface) uneven/bumpy
dig up/pull down/take off
scar
罢工 bà gōng to strike/go on strike
把关 bǎ guān guard a pass/check on
巴不得 bābùdé eagerly look forward to/earnestly wish/be only too anxious to
霸道 bàdào overbearing/despotic hegemony/rule by force/(of liquor, medicine, etc.) strong
bāi break with both hands
拜年 bài nián congratulate the New Year/wish sb. a Happy New Year
拜访 bàifǎng pay a visit/call on
败坏 bàihuài ruin/corrupt/undermine
摆脱 bǎituō break away/free oneself from/cast off
拜托 bàituō ask a favor/request/please!
巴结 bājie to fawn on/curry favor with
拔苗助长 bámiáozhùzhǎng (literally) help shoots grow by pulling them out/spoil things by excessive enthusiasm
bān variety/speckled/spot/colored patch/stripe
半途而废 bàn tú ér fèi give up halfway/leave sth. unfinished
版本 bǎnběn edition
颁布 bānbù promulgate/to issue/publish (e.g a decree)
颁发 bānfā issue/promulgate/award
bàng pound/weigh/scale
绑架 bǎngjià kidnap/staking
榜样 bǎngyàng example/model
伴侣 bànlǚ companion/partner/mate
伴随 bànsuí accompany/go with/follow
扮演 bànyǎn play the part of/act
保密 bǎo mì keep secret, confidential
包庇 bāobì to shield/to harbor/cover up
报仇 bàochóu retaliate/to revenge/avenge
报酬 bàochou reward/remuneration
报答 bàodá repay/requite
爆发 bàofā break out/erupt/explode
报复 bàofu retaliate/revenge
抱负 bàofù aspiration/ambition
包袱 bāofu bundle wrapped in cloth/cloth-wrapper
保管 bǎoguǎn assure/take care of/surely
曝光 bàoguāng to expose/to make public
饱和 bǎohé saturation
报警 bàojǐng report (an incident) to the police
饱经沧桑 bǎojīngcāngsāng experienced many changes
暴力 bàolì violence/(use) force
暴露 bàolù expose/reveal/lay bare
保姆 bǎomǔ nanny/housekeeper
保守 bǎoshǒu conservative (ideas, estimates, politically, etc.)/to guard/to keep
包围 bāowéi surround/encircle/hem in
保卫 bǎowèi defend/to safeguard
报销 bàoxiāo submit an expense account/apply for reimbursement/write off
保养 bǎoyǎng take good care of (or conserve) one's health/keep in good repair
爆炸 bàozhà explode/explosion/blow up
保障 bǎozhàng ensure/to guarantee/protect
保重 bǎozhòng take care (of oneself)
包装 bāozhuāng to pack/package/make up
把手 bǎshou knob/handle/grip
悲哀 bēi'āi grieved/sorrowful/sad
卑鄙 bēibǐ base/mean/despicable/contemptible/unprincipled
悲惨 bēicǎn miserable/tragic
被动 bèidòng passive
备份 bèifèn to back up/a backup
被告 bèigào defendant
北极 běijí the North Pole
贝壳 bèiké shell/conch/cowry
背叛 bèipàn betray/forsake
背诵 bèisòng recite
备忘录 bèiwànglù memorandum/aide-memoire/diplomacy memorandum/memorandum book
奔波 bēnbō rush about/be busy running about
奔驰 bēnchí run quickly/speed/Mercedes-Benz (German vehicle manufacturer)
béng need not/(contraction of 不 and 用)
bèng jump/bounce/hop
迸发 bèngfā burst forth/burst out
崩溃 bēngkuì collapse/crumble/fall apart
本能 běnnéng instinct
本钱 běnqián capital (financial)
本人 běnrén I/me/myself/oneself/in person
本身 běnshēn itself/in itself/per se
本事 běnshi ability/skill/capability/(-shì: this matter/literary source)
笨拙 bènzhuō clumsy/awkward/stupid
arm
biǎn flat
变质 biàn zhì go bad/deteriorate/metamorphism
遍布 biànbù to cover the whole (area)/found everywhere/spread all over
鞭策 biāncè spur on/urge on
贬低 biǎndī to belittle/depreciate/disparage
变故 biàngù unforeseen event/accident
辩护 biànhù speak in defense of/argue in favor of/defend
边疆 biānjiāng border area/borderland/frontier/frontier region
边界 biānjiè boundary/border
辩解 biànjiě explain/justify/defend (a point of view, etc.)
边境 biānjìng frontier
便利 biànlì convenient/easy/facilitate
变迁 biànqiān changes/vicissitude
辨认 biànrèn distinguish/identify/recognize
便条 biàntiáo informal note
贬义 biǎnyì negative connotation/derogatory sense
便于 biànyú be easy/be convenient for
边缘 biānyuán edge/fringe/verge/brink
辩证 biànzhèng investigate/dialectical
编织 biānzhī to weave/to knit/to plait/to braid/to crochet
辫子 biànzi plait/braid/pigtail
标本 biāoběn specimen/sample/the root cause and symptoms of a disease
标记 biāojì sign/mark/symbol
表决 biǎojué decide by vote/vote
表态 biǎotài make known one's position/declare where one stands
标题 biāotí title/header/headline/caption
表彰 biǎozhāng cite (in dispatches)/commend
弊病 bìbìng malady/evil/malpractice/drawback
弊端 bìduān malpractice/abuse/corrupt practice
biē hold in (urine)/hold (breath)/choke
别扭 bièniu awkward/unnatural
别墅 biéshù villa
别致 biézhì unique/unconventional/fancy
比方 bǐfang instance/analogy/example
bǐng bright/fire (3rd Heavenly Stem)
冰雹 bīngbáo hail
并非 bìngfēi really isn't
并列 bìngliè stand side by side/be juxtaposed
濒临 bīnlín on the verge of
逼迫 bīpò to force/compel/coerce
闭塞 bìsè stop up/shelter from/hard to get to/unenlightened
鄙视 bǐshì despise/disdain/look down upon
鼻涕 bítì nasal mucus/snivel
比喻 bǐyù metaphor/analogy/figure of speech
比重 bǐzhòng proportion/specific gravity
to dial/move with a hand, foot/stir/poke/allocate (money)
博大精深 bódàjīngshēn broad and profound
搏斗 bódòu fight/struggle/wrestle
波浪 bōlàng wave
博览会 bólǎnhuì (international) exhibition
伯母 bómǔ aunt/wife of father's older brother
薄弱 bóruò weak/frail
波涛 bōtāo great waves/billows
剥削 bōxuē to exploit
播种 bōzhǒng sow seeds/sowing/seed
不敢当 bù gǎndāng (literally) I dare not accept the honor/you flatter me
不相上下 bù xiāng shàng xià equally matched/about the same
补偿 bǔcháng compensation/make up
不得已 bùdéyǐ act against one's will/have no alternative
步伐 bùfá pace/(measured) step/march
不妨 bùfáng there is no harm in/might as well
布告 bùgào notice/bulletin
不顾 búgù in spite of/regardless of/to disregard
不禁 bùjīn cannot help/can't refrain from
补救 bǔjiù remedy/repair
布局 bùjú arrangement/composition/layout
不堪 bùkān cannot bear, stand/utterly
不可思议 bùkěsīyì unimaginable/inconceivable
不愧 búkuì be worthy of/deserve to be called/prove oneself to be
不料 búliào unexpectedly/to one's surprise
不免 bùmiǎn unavoidable
哺乳 bǔrǔ breast-feeding/to suckle
不时 bùshí frequently/often/at any time
部署 bùshǔ dispose/deploy
补贴 bǔtiē subsidy/allowance
部位 bùwèi position/place
不惜 bùxī to not hesitate/not spare
不像话 búxiànghuà unreasonable/absurd/outrageous
不屑一顾 búxièyígù not worth seeing/disdain as beneath contempt
不言而喻 bùyán'éryù it goes without saying/it is self-evident
不由得 bùyóude can't help/cannot but
不择手段 bùzéshǒuduàn by fair means or foul
不止 bùzhǐ incessantly/more than
布置 bùzhì arrange/decorate/decoration
捕捉 bǔzhuō catch/to seize
裁缝 cáifeng tailor/dressmaker
财富 cáifù wealth/riches/fortune
才干 cáigàn ability/competence
采购 cǎigòu make purchases for an organization/go shopping
采集 cǎijí gather/collect
采纳 cǎinà accept/adopt
裁判 cáipàn judge/to referee/judgment
彩票 cǎipiào lottery/lottery ticket
财务 cáiwù financial affairs
裁员 cáiyuán cut staff/lay off employees
财政 cáizhèng public finances/financial
cāng cabin/hold (of a ship or airplane)
苍白 cāngbái pale/wan/pallid
仓促 cāngcù hurried
仓库 cāngkù depot/storehouse/warehouse
残疾 cánji deformity/handicapped/crippled
残酷 cánkù cruel
灿烂 cànlàn to glitter/brilliant/splendid
残留 cánliú to remain/be left over/surplus/remnant
参谋 cānmóu advisor/give advice
残忍 cánrěn brutal/bloody/merciless
参照 cānzhào consult a reference/refer to (another document)
草案 cǎo'àn draft (legislation, proposal, etc.)
操劳 cāoláo work hard/look after
操练 cāoliàn to drill/to practice
草率 cǎoshuài cursory/careless/negligent/sloppy/not serious
嘈杂 cáozá noisy/raucous
操纵 cāozòng operate/control/manipulation
操作 cāozuò operate/manipulate
策划 cèhuà plot/scheme/bring about
测量 cèliáng to survey/to measure
策略 cèlüè tactics/plot
侧面 cèmiàn side/profile/flank/face in profile
层出不穷 céng chū bù qióng (idiom) emerge more and more/innumerable succession/breeding like flies
层次 céngcì level/rank order/standing/layer
chà fork in the road/turn off/diverge
差别 chābié difference/disparity
查获 cháhuò investigate and capture a criminal/discover
柴油 cháiyóu diesel fuel/kerosene
chān assist by the arm/mix/support/sustain
chán gluttonous/greedy
刹那 chànà an instant (Sanskrit: ksana)/split second
颤抖 chàndǒu tremble/to shiver/to shake
倡导 chàngdǎo to advocate/propose
场合 chǎnghé occasion/situation
偿还 chánghuán repay/reimburse
敞开 chǎngkāi open wide
场面 chǎngmiàn scene/occasion
昌盛 chāngshèng prosperous
尝试 chángshì to try/attempt
场所 chǎngsuǒ location/place
畅通 chàngtōng unimpeded/unclogged/free-flowing/straight path/to expedite
畅销 chàngxiāo best seller/chart-topping/very marketable
倡议 chàngyì suggest/propose
缠绕 chánrào bind/wind/twirl/twist/intertwine
阐述 chǎnshù expound (a position)/elaborate (on a topic)
产业 chǎnyè industry/estate/property
朝代 cháodài dynasty/reign (of a king)
潮流 cháoliú tide/current/trend
钞票 chāopiào paper money/bill
嘲笑 cháoxiào jeer/mock/scoff
巢穴 cháoxué lair/nest/den/hideout
超越 chāoyuè surpass/exceed/transcend
诧异 chàyì flabbergasted/astonished
插座 chāzuò power socket
沉淀 chéndiàn to precipitate (solid sediment out of a solution)/to settle
chéng to ride/to mount/make use of/multiply
chéng orange (color)/orange (fruit, tree)
chèng balance/scale/steelyard
chéng, shèng contain/to ladle/to fill | flourishing/grand/abundant
承办 chéngbàn undertake/accept an assignment
承包 chéngbāo to contract (to undertake a job)
城堡 chéngbǎo castle
成本 chéngběn cost (manufacturing, production, etc.)
惩罚 chéngfá penalty/punishment/to punish/to penalize
称号 chēnghào title/term of address
成交 chéngjiāo complete a contract/clinch a deal/to seal
承诺 chéngnuò to promise
澄清 chéngqīng (of liquid) settle/become clear/(Chem.) precipitate
成天 chéngtiān all day long/all the time
呈现 chéngxiàn appear/emerge/present (a certain appearance)
成效 chéngxiào effect/result
成心 chéngxīn intentional/deliberate/with prior intent
成员 chéngyuán member
诚挚 chéngzhì sincere/cordial/earnest
陈旧 chénjiù old fashioned/outmoded/obsolete
陈列 chénliè to display/to exhibit
沉闷 chénmèn oppressive (of weather)/heavy/depressed/not happy
陈述 chénshù allegation/assertation/to declare/to state
沉思 chénsī ponder/contemplate/meditation
衬托 chèntuō to set off/serve as a foil to
称心如意 chènxīnrúyì find sth. satisfactory
沉重 chénzhòng heavy/hard/serious
沉着 chénzhuó calm and collected/not nervous
撤退 chètuì retreat
撤销 chèxiāo repeal
吃苦 chī kǔ bear hardships/suffer
赤道 chìdào the equator
迟钝 chídùn slow (witted)/stupid/dull
迟缓 chíhuǎn slow/sluggish
持久 chíjiǔ duration/enduring/lasting/persistent
吃力 chīlì strenuous/exhausted
迟疑 chíyí hesitate
赤字 chìzì (financial) deficit/red ink
崇拜 chóngbài worship/adore
充当 chōngdāng serve as/play the part of
重叠 chóngdié to overlap
冲动 chōngdòng impulsive/act on impulse
崇高 chónggāo lofty/sublime
冲击 chōngjī attack/impact/a shock
崇敬 chóngjìng revere/admire/veneration
充沛 chōngpèi abundant/plentiful/vigorous
充实 chōngshí substantial/rich/enrich/substantiate
冲突 chōngtū conflict/clash
充足 chōngzú adequate/sufficient/abundant
丑恶 chǒu'è ugly/repulsive/odiousness
筹备 chóubèi make preparations/get ready for something
稠密 chóumì dense/thick
chú besides/except/remove/to divide (mathematics)
出神 chū shén be lost in thought/entranced/preoccupation/Trance (music genre)
chuàn string together/conspire/gang up/mix up/bunch
川流不息 chuān liú bù xī (saying) flowing of an endless stream
船舶 chuánbó ships/boats/watercraft
传达 chuándá convey/transmit/communicate
传单 chuándān leaflet/flier/pamphlet
床单 chuángdān bed sheet
创立 chuànglì to found/establish
创新 chuàngxīn innovate/innovation
创业 chuàngyè begin an undertaking/start a major task/start a company
创作 chuàngzuò create/to produce/creative work
喘气 chuǎnqì to pant/gasp for breath
传授 chuánshòu impart/pass on/teach
穿越 chuānyuè pass through/cut across
储备 chǔbèi reserves/store up
初步 chūbù initial/preliminary/tentative
储存 chǔcún stockpile/to store
触犯 chùfàn offend/violate
处分 chǔfèn punish/punishment/discipline/disposal
chuí hammer/weight
吹牛 chuī niú to brag/(regional) to chat
吹捧 chuīpěng flatter sb./extol sb.'s accomplishments
炊烟 chuīyān smoke from kitchen chimneys
垂直 chuízhí perpendicular/vertical
处境 chǔjìng plight/unfavorable situation
出路 chūlù a way out/outlet
出卖 chūmài sell/betray/sell out
纯粹 chúncuì purely/pure
纯洁 chúnjié pure/unadulterated/cleanse
出身 chūshēn family background/class origin
出息 chūxi future prospects/aspiration/promise
储蓄 chǔxù to save/to deposit
处置 chǔzhì to handle/take care of/punish
thorn/to sting/to prick/pierce/stab
磁带 cídài cassette tape
伺候 cìhou serve/wait upon/act as a valet
次品 cìpǐn defective or substandard products
慈善 císhàn philanthropic/benevolent/charitable
慈祥 cíxiáng a kindly person/benevolent (often of older people)
雌雄 cíxióng male and female/winners and losers
次序 cìxù sequence/order
cóng crowd together/thicket/collection
从容 cóngróng leisurely/calm
凑合 còuhe bring together/make do in a bad situation/improvise
cuàn to flee/to escape/run away
摧残 cuīcán to ruin/devastate/vandalize
脆弱 cuìruò weak/fragile/flimsy/frail
粗鲁 cūlǔ crude/coarse/rough/language
cuō rub or roll between the hands or fingers/to twist
磋商 cuōshāng discuss seriously/consult/negotiate
挫折 cuòzhé setback/defeat/frustration
to erect/to build/travel by (car, plane, etc.)/to hang/to join
达成 dá chéng to reach (an agreement)/achieve
打官司 dǎ guānsi go to court
打架 dǎ jià to fight/scuffle/to come to blows
打猎 dǎ liè hunt/to go hunting
打包 dǎbāo get a doggy bag (at a restaurant)/pack up
答辩 dábiàn reply (to an accusation)
大不了 dàbuliǎo at the worst/if worst comes to worst/serious, alarming
大臣 dàchén chancellor
搭档 dādàng team up/cooperate/work together
答复 dáfù to answer/to reply
大伙儿 dàhuǒr everyone
逮捕 dàibǔ to arrest/to capture
代价 dàijià price/cost/expense
代理 dàilǐ acting (temporarily filling a position)/agent
带领 dàilǐng to guide/to lead
怠慢 dàimàn to slight/give somebody a cold shoulder/treat somebody in a cold manner
歹徒 dǎitú evil person who commits crimes/villain/gangster
打击 dǎjī to strike/to hit/to attack
打量 dǎliang take measure of/size up
蛋白质 dànbáizhì protein
担保 dānbǎo guarantee/vouch for
诞辰 dànchén birthday
dǎng party/club/association
当面 dāng miàn to sb.'s face/in sb.'s presence
档案 dàng'àn file/record/archive
当场 dāngchǎng at the scene/on the spot
当初 dāngchū at that time/at the outset/originally
档次 dàngcì grade/quality/class/level
当代 dāngdài present day/contemporary
当前 dāngqián current/modern/present
当事人 dāngshìrén persons involved or implicated/party (to an affair)
当务之急 dāngwùzhījí the most pressing matter of the moment/a top priority task/urgent matter
当选 dāngxuǎn be elected
淡季 dànjì off season/slow business season
胆怯 dǎnqiè timid/coward
诞生 dànshēng be born/come into being
淡水 dànshuǐ fresh water/potable water (water with low salt content)
捣乱 dǎo luàn cause a disturbance/look for trouble
倒闭 dǎobì go bankrupt/close down
导弹 dǎodàn guided missile/cruise missile
稻谷 dàogǔ rice crops, paddy
导航 dǎoháng navigation
盗窃 dàoqiè steal/pilfer
导向 dǎoxiàng guidance/lead to/direct something towards
搭配 dāpèi pair up/arrange in pairs/to add sth. into a group/to suit
大肆 dàsì wantonly/without any constraint
大体 dàtǐ in general/more or less/on the whole
大意 dàyì main idea/general idea/gist
打仗 dǎzhàng fight/go to war/fight a battle
大致 dàzhì more or less/roughly/approximately
得不偿失 dé bù cháng shī the gains do not outweigh the losses
得力 délì able/competent
dēng press down with the foot/step back or into something
dèng stare at/to glower
等候 děnghòu wait/queue
等级 děngjí degree/rate
灯笼 dēnglong lantern
登陆 dēnglù to land/come ashore/sign, log in
登录 dēnglù sign-in
得天独厚 détiāndúhòu enjoy exceptional advantages/richly endowed by nature
得罪 dézuì offend/a faux pas
diàn cushion/to pad/pay for somebody and expect to be repaid
颠簸 diānbǒ shake/to jolt/bump
颠倒 diāndǎo turn upside down/upend
奠定 diàndìng establish/to found/to settle
惦记 diànjì to remember with concern/to be concerned about/to think about/to keep thinking about/to worry about
典礼 diǎnlǐ celebration/ceremony
典型 diǎnxíng typical case/model
电源 diànyuán electric power supply
点缀 diǎnzhuì decorate/an ornament/beautify/embellish/be the finishing touch
diāo hold sth. in the mouth
diào hang/suspend
调动 diàodòng to transfer/to maneuver (troops, etc.)
雕刻 diāokè carve/engrave/sculpt
雕塑 diāosù sculpture/a statue/a Buddhist image
堤坝 dībà dam/dyke
地步 dìbù condition/plight/extent
抵达 dǐdá arrive/to reach (a destination)/touch down
diē to fall down/to drop
抵抗 dǐkàng resist/resistance
dīng male adult/robust/cubes (of food)/T-shaped (4th Heavenly Stem)
dīng to stare/to gaze
定期 dìngqī regularly/at regular intervals
定义 dìngyì definition
叮嘱 dīngzhǔ urge again and again/exhort/repeatedly warn
敌视 díshì be hostile/adopt a negative attitude towards
地势 dìshì terrain/topography of a place
丢人 diū rén lose face/be disgraced
丢三落四 diūsān làsì forgetful/scatterbrained
递增 dìzēng increase step by step/steadily increase
抵制 dǐzhì resistance/refusal (to cooperate)/boycott
地质 dìzhì geology
dòng roof beam/(mw for buildings)
动身 dòng shēn go on a journey/leave
动荡 dòngdàng (social or political) turmoil/unrest/upheaval
东道主 dōngdàozhǔ host for a party or conference
动机 dòngjī motive/motivation/intention
冻结 dòngjié (loan, wage, price) freeze
动静 dòngjìng sound of activity/activity
动力 dònglì power/motion/impetus/driving force
动脉 dòngmài artery
董事长 dǒngshìzhǎng chairman of the board
动手 dòngshǒu get to work/to touch/strike a blow
动态 dòngtài development/trend/dynamic state
动员 dòngyuán mobilize
东张西望 dōngzhāngxīwàng look in all directions/glance around
dōu pocket/bag/wrap up (in a piece of cloth)/move around (in a circle)/canvass (solicit)/take responsibility
陡峭 dǒuqiào steep/precipitous
斗争 dòuzhēng to struggle/to fight for/to battle
duān end/beginning/extremity/carry holding something from the sides
短促 duǎncù short in time duration/fleeting/brief
断定 duàndìng conclude/determine/figure out
断绝 duànjué sever/break off
端午节 Duānwǔ Jié Dragon Boat Festival
端正 duānzhèng upright/regular/proper/correct
赌博 dǔbó to gamble
独裁 dúcái dictatorship
督促 dūcù supervise and urge sb. to complete a task
对策 duìcè countermeasure for dealing with a situation
对称 duìchèn symmetry
对付 duìfu to handle/deal with
堆积 duījī pile up/accumulate
对抗 duìkàng withstand/resist/antagonize
对立 duìlì oppose/to counter
对联 duìlián rhyming couplet/vertical written couplet usually placed along either side of a doorway
队伍 duìwu ranks/troops
兑现 duìxiàn cash a check/honor a commitment
对应 duìyìng corresponding/counterpart
对照 duìzhào contrast/compare
杜绝 dùjué put an end to
顿时 dùnshí immediately/suddenly
堕落 duòluò morally degenerate/become depraved
哆嗦 duōsuo tremble/to shiver/to quiver
多元化 duōyuánhuà diversify/diversification
毒品 dúpǐn drugs/narcotics/poison
堵塞 dǔsè block/stop
恶化 èhuà worsen/deteriorate
恩怨 ēnyuàn grievance/old rivalry/mixture of gratitude and resentment
二氧化碳 èryǎnghuàtàn carbon dioxide/CO2
而已 éryǐ that's all/nothing more
额外 éwài extra/added/additional
恶心 ěxin disgusting/nauseous/make somebody embarrassed (èxīn: bad, vicious habit/vice)
遏制 èzhì keep within limits/contain/restrain/hold back
发财 fā cái get rich
发布 fābù issue/announce/release
发呆 fādāi stare blankly/daze off
发动 fādòng to start/to launch/mobilize
发觉 fājué discover/detect
fān (mw for acts or deeds)/foreign
反驳 fǎnbó retort/refute
反常 fǎncháng abnormal/unusual
范畴 fànchóu category
反感 fǎngǎn (strongly) dislike
放大 fàngdà enlarge/amplify
放射 fàngshè radiate/radioactive
防守 fángshǒu to defend/protect/to guard
方位 fāngwèi position/direction/points of the compass/bearing
访问 fǎngwèn to visit/call on/to interview
方言 fāngyán dialect
防御 fángyù defense/resist/to guard
方圆 fāngyuán circumference/neighborhood/vicinity
方针 fāngzhēn policy/guidelines
防止 fángzhǐ prevent/protect/guard against/avoid
防治 fángzhì prevent and cure
纺织 fǎngzhī spinning and weaving/textile
繁华 fánhuá flourishing/bustling/prosperous
反抗 fǎnkàng resist/to revolt
反馈 fǎnkuì feedback/send information back
泛滥 fànlàn to be in flood/to overflow (the banks)/to inundate/to spread unchecked
贩卖 fànmài sell/peddle/(often derogatory) to traffic in
繁忙 fánmáng busy/bustling
反面 fǎnmiàn the reverse side of sth./opposite side of a topic
反射 fǎnshè reflex/reflection (from a mirror, etc.)
凡是 fánshì every/any/all/without exception
反思 fǎnsī think back over something that happened/to reflect/introspection
繁体字 fántǐzì traditional Chinese character
反问 fǎnwèn ask a rhetorical question/answer a question with a question
繁殖 fánzhí propagate/to breed/reproduce
反之 fǎnzhī whereas.../on the other hand .../conversely ...
法人 fǎrén legal entity (i.e., a corporation)
发射 fāshè to launch/to shoot (a projectile)/to fire (a rocket)
发誓 fāshì to vow/to pledge/swear
发行 fāxíng publish/to issue/distribute
发炎 fāyán become inflamed from infection or injury
发扬 fāyáng develop/make full use of/to carry on
发育 fāyù develop/growth
fèi lung
诽谤 fěibàng slander/libel
废除 fèichú abolish/annul/abrogate
非法 fēifǎ illegal
废寝忘食 fèiqǐnwàngshí to forget even sleeping and eating
飞禽走兽 fēiqínzǒushòu birds and animals/the beasts of the field and the birds of the air
沸腾 fèiténg to boil/boiling
肥沃 féiwò fertile
飞翔 fēixiáng fly/hover
废墟 fèixū ruins
飞跃 fēiyuè to leap
分红 fēn hóng a bonus/to award a bonus/to draw or recieve dividends/to share profits
分辨 fēnbiàn distinguish/differentiate/resolve
分寸 fēncun propriety/the limits of proper speech or action
吩咐 fēnfù instruct/instructions/to tell/to order (to do something)
féng to meet/come upon
风暴 fēngbào storm/violent commotion
封闭 fēngbì to seal/to close/confine
风度 fēngdù elegant demeanor/grace/poise/style
风光 fēngguāng a natural scenic view/sight
封建 fēngjiàn feudal/feudalism
锋利 fēnglì sharp (i.e. a knife blade)/incisive/to the point
丰满 fēngmǎn plump/well developed/plentiful/Fengman district of Jilin City, Jilin Province
风气 fēngqì general mood/atmosphere/common practice
风趣 fēngqù humor/wit/humorous
丰盛 fēngshèng sumptuous/lavish
丰收 fēngshōu bumper crop/have a good harvest
封锁 fēngsuǒ to blockade/to seal off
风土人情 fēngtǔrénqíng local conditions (human and environmental)
风味 fēngwèi local flavor/local style
奉献 fèngxiàn consecrate/dedicate/devote
分解 fēnjiě to decompose/to resolve/to break down
分量 fènliàng weight/heft/amount
分裂 fēnliè split up/to divide/separate
分泌 fēnmì secrete
分明 fēnmíng clear/distinct/evidently/clearly
粉末 fěnmò fine powder/dust
坟墓 fénmù tomb/sepulcher
愤怒 fènnù angry/indignant/furious/anger/indignation/wrath/ire
分歧 fēnqí difference (of opinion, position)
分散 fēnsàn to scatter/disperse/distribute
粉色 fěnsè pink
粉碎 fěnsuì to crash/break up
否决 fǒujué veto/reject/overrule
vice-/secondary/auxiliary/deputy/assistant/classifier for pairs (i.e. glasses)
腐败 fǔbài corruption/corrupt/rotten
服从 fúcóng to obey/to comply
负担 fùdān to (bear a) burden/carry/a load
幅度 fúdù width/margin/extent
夫妇 fūfù married couple/husband and wife
覆盖 fùgài to cover
符号 fúhào symbol/mark/sign
附和 fùhè repeat an agreement/copy sb.'s action or words
复活 fùhuó resurrection
附件 fùjiàn attachment/enclosure
腐烂 fǔlàn rot/become gangrenous
福利 fúlì material benefits/welfare/well-being
俘虏 fúlǔ captive/prisoner
抚摸 fǔmō gently caress and stroke/to pet/to fondle
服气 fúqì be convinced
福气 fúqì good fortune
夫人 fūrén lady/madam/Mrs./wife
辐射 fúshè radiation
俯视 fǔshì look down at/overlook
腐蚀 fǔshí erode/corrode/corrupt/rusty
附属 fùshǔ subsidiary/auxiliary/affiliate/attached
腹泻 fùxiè diarrhea
复兴 fùxīng revive/restore
腐朽 fǔxiǔ rotten/decayed/decadent/degenerate
敷衍 fūyǎn to elaborate (on a theme)/to expound (the classics)/to do sth. half-heartedly or just for show/barely enough to get by/perfunctory/apathetic/to skimp/to botch
抚养 fǔyǎng foster/bring up/raise
赋予 fùyǔ confer upon/bestow/endow/entrust (a task)
富裕 fùyù rich/to prosper/wealthy
辅助 fǔzhù assist/aide
gài calcium
改良 gǎiliáng improve/to reform
盖章 gàizhāng affix one's seal/seal/stamp
尴尬 gāngà awkward/embarrassed
杠杆 gànggǎn lever/pry bar/crowbar/financial leverage
港口 gǎngkǒu port/harbor
纲领 gānglǐng program/guiding principle
港湾 gǎngwān harbor/estuary
岗位 gǎngwèi a post/a job
干旱 gānhàn drought/dry
干劲 gànjìn enthusiasm/energy/drive
感慨 gǎnkǎi lament/with a tinge of emotion or regret
感染 gǎnrǎn infection/infect/influence
干扰 gānrǎo interfere/obstruction
干涉 gānshè interfere/intervene/meddle
干预 gānyù meddle/intervene/intervention
高超 gāochāo excellent/superb
高潮 gāocháo high tide/upsurge/climax/chorus (of a song)
告辞 gàocí take leave/bid farewell
高峰 gāofēng peak/summit/apex
稿件 gǎojiàn rough draft of a document
告诫 gàojiè warn/admonish
高明 gāomíng brilliant/wise
高尚 gāoshàng nobly/lofty
高涨 gāozhǎng upsurge/(tensions, etc.) run high
to place/put aside
to cut (apart, off)
疙瘩 gēda swelling or lump on skin
隔阂 géhé estrangement/misunderstanding
格局 géjú structure/pattern
隔离 gélí insulate/separate/isolate
革命 gémìng revolution/revolutionary (politics)/cause great social change/rise in revolt/take part in revolution
根深蒂固 gēn shēn dì gù deep-rooted/ingrained/inveterate (problem, etc.)
耕地 gēngdì arable land/to plow land
更新 gēngxīn to replace the old with new/to renew/to renovate/to upgrade/to update/to regenerate/to rejuvenate
更正 gēngzhèng correct/correction
跟前 gēnqián in front of
跟随 gēnsuí follow/followed
根源 gēnyuán origin/root/source
跟踪 gēnzōng follow somebody's tracks/tail/shadow
格式 géshì form/specification/format
各抒己见 gèshūjǐjiàn everyone gives their own view
歌颂 gēsòng sing the praise of/extol/eulogize
个体 gètǐ individual
鸽子 gēzi dove/pigeon
供不应求 gōng bú yìng qiú (saying) demand outstrips supply
公安局 gōngānjú public security bureau
公道 gōngdao fair/equitable
宫殿 gōngdiàn palace
公告 gōnggào post/announcement
巩固 gǒnggù consolidate/solidify
公关 gōngguān public relations
共和国 gònghéguó republic
攻击 gōngjī to attack/accuse/to charge
供给 gōngjǐ to furnish/provide/to supply
共计 gòngjì sum up/total
恭敬 gōngjìng dutiful/deferential
攻克 gōngkè to capture/to take
功劳 gōngláo contribution/meritorious/credit
公民 gōngmín citizen
共鸣 gòngmíng physical resonance/sympathetic response to something
公然 gōngrán (do something) openly/undisguised
公认 gōngrèn publicly know (to be)/recognize/generally acknowledged
公式 gōngshì formula
公务 gōngwù public affairs/official business
功效 gōngxiào efficiency/effectiveness
工艺品 gōngyìpǐn handicraft/handiwork
公正 gōngzhèng just/fair
公证 gōngzhèng notarization
勾结 gōujié collude with/collaborate/gang up
构思 gòusī outline a story/make preliminary sketch
钩子 gōuzi hook
拐杖 guǎizhàng crutch/walking stick
guàn can/jar/pot/pitcher/jug
贯彻 guànchè to implement/put into practice/carry out
官方 guānfāng official/(by the) government
灌溉 guàngài irrigate
光彩 guāngcǎi splendor/radiance/brilliance/honor
光辉 guānghuī radiance/brilliant/glory
广阔 guǎngkuò wide/vast
光芒 guāngmáng rays of light/brilliant rays/radiance
光荣 guāngróng glory/honor
观光 guānguāng sight see/tour
关怀 guānhuái care/solicitude/show care for/concerned about/attentive to
惯例 guànlì conventional
管辖 guǎnxiá administer/have jurisdiction (over)
关照 guānzhào concern/look after/keep an eye on
古董 gǔdǒng antique
股东 gǔdōng stockholder/shareholder
鼓动 gǔdòng agitate/instigate
孤独 gūdú lonely/solitary
股份 gǔfèn a share (in a company) stock
辜负 gūfù let down/disappoint/fail to live up to
骨干 gǔgàn backbone/mainstay
古怪 gǔguài eccentric/grotesque/oddly
guì kneel
归根到底 guī gēn dào dǐ (saying) to sum it up ...
轨道 guǐdào orbit/railway/trajectory
规范 guīfàn standard (design or model)/norm/without variation/to specify
规格 guīgé standard/norm/specification
规划 guīhuà plan/program/project
归还 guīhuán return something/revert
规章 guīzhāng regulations/rule
贵族 guìzú lord/nobility/nobleman/noblewoman
孤立 gūlì isolate/isolated
顾虑 gùlǜ misgivings/apprehensions
棍棒 gùnbàng club
过度 guòdù excessive/exceeding/lavishly
过渡 guòdù to cross a river by ferry/transition/interim
果断 guǒduàn firm/decisive
国防 guófáng national defense
过奖 guòjiǎng praise excessively/flatter
过滤 guòlǜ to filter/filter
过失 guòshī defect/fault
过问 guòwèn take an interest in/get involved with
国务院 guówùyuàn State Council (PRC)/State Department (USA)
过瘾 guòyǐn satisfy a craving/get a kick out of sth/do to one's heart's content
过于 guòyú too much/excessively
姑且 gūqiě temporarily/the time being
固然 gùrán admittedly/it is true that/indeed
固体 gùtǐ solid
顾问 gùwèn adviser/consultant
故乡 gùxiāng hometown/homeland/birthplace
雇佣 gùyōng employ/hire
固有 gùyǒu intrinsic, inherent to something/native
故障 gùzhàng malfunction/breakdown
固执 gùzhí persistent/stubborn
hāi hey, hi (loanword)/oh/alas
海拔 hǎibá height above sea level/elevation
海滨 hǎibīn shore/seaside
航空 hángkōng aviation
行列 hángliè procession/ranks/queue
航天 hángtiān space flight
航行 hángxíng to sail/to fly
含糊 hánhu unclear/vague/unsure
罕见 hǎnjiàn rare/rarely seen/peculiar
捍卫 hànwèi defend/uphold/safeguard
寒暄 hánxuān exchanging conventional greetings/winter and summer
含义 hányì implied meaning/connotation
毫无 háo wú not at all/completely without/not in the least
耗费 hàofèi waste/spend/consume
豪迈 háomài bold and generous/heroic
毫米 háomǐ millimeter
号召 hàozhào call upon/summon/to appeal
breathe out/scold
和蔼 hé'ǎi kindly/good-tempered/amiable
合并 hébìng merge/annex
合成 héchéng compound/synthesis/mixture
合伙 héhuǒ to make a partnership
hēi hey/interjection for calling attention
和解 héjiě settlement/to become reconciled
和睦 hémù peaceful relations/harmonious
恨不得 hèn bu de cannot bear not/be dying to
狠心 hěn xīn callous/cruel/cold-blooded
héng horizontal/across/(horizontal character stroke)
hēng groan/snort/to hum/croon
痕迹 hénjì vestige/trace
和气 héqi friendly/polite/amiable
合算 hésuàn worthwhile/reckon up
和谐 héxié harmonious/concordant
hōng to dry or warm by the fire/to bake/to heat by fire/to set off by contrast
hǒng fool/coax/to amuse (a child)
轰动 hōngdòng a sensation/a stir
宏观 hóngguān macro-/macroscopic
洪水 hóngshuǐ flood
宏伟 hóngwěi grand/imposing/magnificent/grand
hǒu roar/howl
后代 hòudài posterity/later generations/descendants
后顾之忧 hòugùzhīyōu fears of trouble in the rear (idiom)/family worries (obstructing freedom to act)/trouble back at home/worries about the future consequences/often in negative expressions, meaning no worries about anything
喉咙 hóulóng throat/larynx
后勤 hòuqín logistics
候选 hòuxuǎn candidate
化妆 huà zhuāng put on make-up
花瓣 huābàn petal
化肥 huàféi chemical fertilizer
划分 huàfēn divide up/differentiate
花蕾 huālěi (flower) bud
华丽 huálì gorgeous/magnificent
huàng to sway/to shake
皇帝 huángdì emperor
皇后 huánghòu an empress
黄昏 huánghūn dusk/evening/nightfall
荒凉 huāngliáng desolate
荒谬 huāngmiù ridiculous/nonsensical
恍然大悟 huǎngrándàwù suddenly see the light/suddenly realize what has happened/twig
荒唐 huāngtang beyond belief/preposterous/absurd/intemperate
缓和 huǎnhé alleviate/to moderate/to ease (tension)
环节 huánjié link/sector/segment (of annelid worms)
欢乐 huānlè gaiety/glee/delighted
还原 huányuán restore to the original state/(Chemistry) reduce
患者 huànzhě sufferer/patient/the sick
华侨 huáqiáo overseas Chinese
画蛇添足 huàshétiānzú draw legs on a snake (idiom)/to ruin something by adding something superfluous
化石 huàshí fossil
话筒 huàtǒng microphone/transmitter/megaphone
化验 huàyàn laboratory test/chemically examine
呼唤 hūhuàn call out (a name etc.)/shout
回报 huíbào repayment/payback
汇报 huìbào report/give an account of/to collect information and report back
回避 huíbì avoid/shun/evade
回顾 huígù look back/to review
悔恨 huǐhèn remorse/repentance
辉煌 huīhuáng splendid/glorious
挥霍 huīhuò squander money without restraint/squander
贿赂 huìlù to bribe
毁灭 huǐmiè perish/ruin/destroy
回收 huíshōu recycle/recover and put back to use
会晤 huìwù meet/meeting/conference
胡乱 húluàn carelessly/recklessly
忽略 hūlüè ignore/forget about/neglect
hūn meat or fish dish/pungent vegetables forbidden to Buddhist vegetarians
混合 hùnhé to mix/to blend
混乱 hùnluàn confusion/chaotic
昏迷 hūnmí lose consciousness/be in a coma
浑身 húnshēn entire body/from head to foot
混淆 hùnxiáo obscure/confuse/mix up/blur/mislead/confusing
混浊 hùnzhuó muddy/dirty/turbid
货币 huòbì currency/money
活该 huógāi serve sb. right/deservedly/ought
火箭 huǒjiàn rocket
活力 huólì energy/vitality/vigor
火焰 huǒyàn blaze/flame
火药 huǒyào gunpowder
湖泊 húpō lake
呼啸 hūxiào whistle/scream/howl
胡须 húxū beard/moustache/whiskers
呼吁 hūyù call on (someone to do something)/appeal
饥饿 jī'è hunger/hungry/starve
加工 jiā gōng to process/processing/machining
家喻户晓 jiā yù hù xiǎo become a household name/well-known
家常 jiācháng the daily life of a family/home-style (food)
家伙 jiāhuo guy/chap/tool/weapon
加剧 jiājù aggravate/intensify/sharpen/accelerate
jiān pan-fry/fry in shallow oil
jiǎn choose/select/sort out
jiàn sword
jiàn to splash
剪彩 jiǎn cǎi cut the ribbon at an opening ceremony
鉴别 jiànbié differentiate/distinguish
间谍 jiàndié a spy/intelligence agent
坚定 jiāndìng firm/staunch/resolute
鉴定 jiàndìng appraise/identify/evaluate
监督 jiāndū control/monitor/supervise/inspect
尖端 jiānduān highest peak/the tip/sharp pointed end/most advanced and sophisticated
见多识广 jiànduōshíguǎng experienced and knowledgeable
jiǎng oar/paddle
间隔 jiàngé interval/intermission/gap/be separated
将近 jiāngjìn almost/nearly/close to
将就 jiāngjiu put up with/accept somewhat reluctantly
将军 jiāngjūn a general (military officer)
奖励 jiǎnglì to reward (as encouragement)
降临 jiànglín befall/descend
奖赏 jiǎngshǎng to reward
坚固 jiāngù firm/strong/sturdy
僵硬 jiāngyìng stiff
简化 jiǎnhuà simplify/simplification
见解 jiànjiě view/opinion/understanding
间接 jiànjiē indirect
简陋 jiǎnlòu simple and crude (i.e. room or building)
艰难 jiānnán difficult/arduous
健全 jiànquán Perfect/sound/to perfect, strengthen, amplify
坚韧 jiānrèn tough and durable/hard-bitten/firm and tenacious
尖锐 jiānruì sharp/intense/penetrating
坚实 jiānshí firm and substantial/solid
监视 jiānshì oversee/to monitor
践踏 jiàntà trample
检讨 jiǎntǎo self-criticism/analyze
舰艇 jiàntǐng warship/naval vessel
简体字 jiǎntǐzì simplified Chinese characters
见闻 jiànwén information
检验 jiǎnyàn inspect/examine/to test
简要 jiǎnyào concise/brief
坚硬 jiānyìng hard/solid
见义勇为 jiànyìyǒngwéi to see what is right and act courageously (idiom, from Analects)/to stand up bravely for the truth/acting heroically in a just cause
监狱 jiānyù prison/jail
鉴于 jiànyú in light of/in view of/seeing that
搅拌 jiǎobàn stir/mix up
交叉 jiāochā cross/intersect
交代 jiāodài explain/account for/hand over
焦点 jiāodiǎn focus/focal point
焦急 jiāojí anxiety/worried
较量 jiàoliàng competition/to have a contest with sb.
角落 jiǎoluò corner/nook
缴纳 jiǎonà to pay (taxes)
娇气 jiāoqì delicate/effeminate/squeamish
交涉 jiāoshè negotiate/discuss a matter with the opposing side
侥幸 jiǎoxìng by luck/by a fluke
教养 jiàoyǎng upbringing/education/bring up/nurture and train
交易 jiāoyì business transaction/deal/trade
家属 jiāshǔ family member/a dependent
佳肴 jiāyáo delicacy
夹杂 jiāzá mix together/have two dissimilar substances mixed together
即便 jíbiàn even if/even though
级别 jíbié rank/level/grade
疾病 jíbìng disease/illness/sickness/ailment
继承 jìchéng inherit/carry on/succeed
基地 jīdì base (of operations)
机动 jīdòng motorized/mobile/flexible
嫉妒 jídù to be jealous/to envy, covet/to hate/to begrudge
季度 jìdù (financial) quarter/period of three months
极端 jíduān extreme
jiē all/each and every/in all cases
戒备 jièbèi take precautions/be on the alert
阶层 jiēcéng hierarchy
杰出 jiéchū outstanding/preeminent
解除 jiěchú remove/relieve (someone of their duties)/sack/get rid of
解放 jiěfàng liberate
解雇 jiěgù fire/lay off/dismiss from
借鉴 jièjiàn take example by/use other people's experience
竭尽全力 jiéjìn quánlì to spare no efforts/do one's utmost
结晶 jiéjīng a crystal/to crystallize
结局 jiéjú conclusion/ending
接连 jiēlián one after another/in a row/in succession
揭露 jiēlù expose/unmask
解剖 jiěpōu dissect/analyze/anatomy
解散 jiěsàn dismiss/dissolve/disband
结算 jiésuàn settle up the bill/close an account
解体 jiětǐ disintegrate
界限 jièxiàn boundary/marginal/limit
节制 jiézhì to be restrained or moderate
截止 jiézhǐ end/close/stop/expiration
截至 jiézhì up until/by (a specified time
借助 jièzhù get help from
节奏 jiézòu rhythm/cadence/tempo
激发 jīfā to arouse/excite
急功近利 jígōngjìnlì eager for success and profit
机构 jīgòu structure/organization/institution
籍贯 jíguàn place of one's ancestry
忌讳 jìhuì avoid as a taboo/abstain from/taboo
即将 jíjiāng will shortly/soon/be on the verge of
计较 jìjiào focus excessively on/haggle/bicker/argue
基金 jījīn fund/endowment
寂静 jìjìng quiet
急剧 jíjù rapid/sudden
季军 jìjūn third in a race/bronze medalist
激励 jīlì urge/encourage/motivation
机灵 jīling clever/quick-witted/smartness
机密 jīmì secret/classified (information)
进而 jìn'ér and then (what follows next)
jīng stalk/stem
jǐng a well
精打细算 jīng dǎ xì suàn (saying) meticulous planning and careful accounting
精益求精 jīng yì qiú jīng (saying) improving and wanting to improve even more
惊动 jīngdòng alarm/alert/startle/disturb
经费 jīngfèi funds/expenses
警告 jǐnggào to warn/admonish
精华 jīnghuá elite/best feature/most important part of an object/essence/quintessence
精简 jīngjiǎn simplify/reduce
境界 jìngjiè boundary/state/realm/level
兢兢业业 jīngjīng yèyè cautious and conscientious
敬礼 jìnglǐ to salute/best regards
精密 jīngmì accuracy/exact/precise/refined
进攻 jìngōng attack (military)/assault
惊奇 jīngqí amaze/astonished
精确 jīngquè accurate/precise
竞赛 jìngsài race/contest/competition
警惕 jǐngtì vigilant/alert/be on guard
精通 jīngtōng proficient/have a good command of
镜头 jìngtóu camera shot (in a movie, etc.)/scene/camera lens
经纬 jīngwěi warp and woof/longitude and latitude/main points
精心 jīngxīn with utmost care/meticulous/detailed
竞选 jìngxuǎn run for (electoral) office/take part in an election
惊讶 jīngyà surprised/astonished/astound
敬业 jìngyè work ethic
精致 jīngzhì exquisite/delicate/refined
颈椎 jǐngzhuī cervical vertebra/the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck of humans and most mammals
进化 jìnhuà evolution
津津有味 jīnjīn yǒu wèi (saying) with gusto/eagerly/with great interest
近来 jìnlái recently/lately
浸泡 jìnpào to soak
紧迫 jǐnpò urgent/urgency
金融 jīnróng banking finance/financial
锦上添花 jǐnshàngtiānhuā lit. on brocade, add flowers (idiom)/to decorate sth already perfect, gilding the lily
晋升 jìnshēng promote to a higher position
进展 jìnzhǎn make progress/development/make headway
技巧 jìqiǎo skill/technique
急切 jíqiè eager/impatient/imperative
激情 jīqíng passion/strong emotion/fervor/enthusiasm
集团 jítuán group/bloc/circle/clique
寄托 jìtuō entrust somebody someone's care/consign/commit
就职 jiù zhí take office/assume a post
纠纷 jiūfēn dispute/quarrel
救济 jiùjì emergency relief/aid/help out in a disaster
就近 jiùjìn nearby/in a close neighborhood
酒精 jiǔjīng alcohol/ethanol
就业 jiùyè employment/getting a job
纠正 jiūzhèng to correct/to make right
极限 jíxiàn limit/extreme boundary
吉祥 jíxiáng lucky
迹象 jìxiàng mark/indication/sign
讥笑 jīxiào sneer at/deride
机械 jīxiè machine/mechanical
记性 jìxing memory
纪要 jìyào written summary of a meeting/minutes
基因 jīyīn gene
机遇 jīyù opportunity/stroke of good luck/favorable circumstance
给予 jǐyǔ to give
急于求成 jíyúqiúchéng impatient for success
记载 jìzǎi write down/to record
及早 jízǎo as soon as possible/at the earliest possible time
急躁 jízào irritable/impetuous/impatient
机智 jīzhì tact/quick-witted/resourceful
聚精会神 jù jīng huì shén concentrate one's attention
juǎn to roll (up)/to coil/(mw for tapes)
剧本 jùběn script for a play/opera/movie/etc
局部 júbù part/local
举动 jǔdòng action/act/(make) a move/movement
绝望 jué wàng desperation/forlorn/hopeless
决策 juécè Make policy/make strategic decision
倔强 juéjiàng stubborn/unbending
觉悟 juéwù consciousness/awareness/(Buddhist) enlightenment
觉醒 juéxǐng awaken/arousal/realize
鞠躬 jūgōng to bow
咀嚼 jǔjué to chew
剧烈 jùliè acute/violent/severe
拘留 jūliú detain (a prison)/keep (someone) in custody
局面 júmiàn aspect/situation
居民 jūmín resident/inhabitant
军队 jūnduì army troops
君子 jūnzǐ gentleman/man of noble character
沮丧 jǔsàng dejected/depressed/dispirited
局势 júshì situation/state (of affairs)
举世瞩目 jǔshì zhǔmù attract worldwide attention
拘束 jūshù restrict/constrained/ill at ease/reticent
据悉 jùxī according to reports/it is reported (that)
局限 júxiàn to limit/confine/restrict or confine sth.
居住 jūzhù reside/dwell/to live (in a place)
举足轻重 jǔzúqīngzhòng a foot's move sways the balance/hold the balance of power/play a key role
开采 kāicǎi extract ore or some other natural resource from a mine
开除 kāichú expel/to discharge/to kick out
开阔 kāikuò wide/open (spaces)
开朗 kāilǎng outgoing and cheerful/optimistic/carefree/spacious and well-lit
开明 kāimíng enlightened/open-minded
开辟 kāipì open up/to start/to build
开拓 kāituò break new ground (for agriculture)/development
开展 kāizhǎn begin to develop/to launch
开支 kāizhī expenditures/pay/expenses
看待 kàndài look upon/regard
刊登 kāndēng publish in a newspaper/carry a story
砍伐 kǎnfá cut down/lop/hew (as a tree)
káng to carry on one's shoulder
慷慨 kāngkǎi vehement/fervent/generous
抗议 kàngyì to protest/protest
侃侃而谈 kǎnkǎn'értán speak frankly and in measured tones/argue about leisurely and boldly
勘探 kāntàn exploration
刊物 kānwù publication/periodical/journal
考察 kǎochá inspect/investigate/analyze
考古 kǎogǔ archaeology
考核 kǎohé examine/check up on
靠拢 kàolǒng draw close/close up/move up
考验 kǎoyàn put to the test/trial
卡通 kǎtōng cartoon
knock/tap
刻不容缓 kèbùrónghuǎn demand immediate action/brook no delay
可观 kěguān considerable/impressive
客户 kèhù customer/account/client
可口 kěkǒu tasty/taste good
科目 kēmù (school) subject
kěn gnaw/nibble/bite
kēng pit/hole/defraud
恳切 kěnqiè earnest/genuine/fair-spoken
课题 kètí task/problem/issue/question for discussion
渴望 kěwàng wishful/to yearn for/desire
可恶 kěwù hateful/abominable/repulsive
可行 kěxíng feasible
克制 kèzhì restrain/take a firm hold on
kǒng hole
空白 kòngbái blank space/blank
恐怖 kǒngbù afraid/terror
空洞 kōngdòng empty/hollow/vacuous/devoid of content
恐吓 kǒnghè to threaten
恐惧 kǒngjù fear/dread/phobia
空前绝后 kōngqiánjuéhòu unprecedented and unrepeatable/never to be reduplicated/the first and the last/unmatched/unique
空隙 kòngxì crack/gap between two objects
空想 kōngxiǎng daydream/fantasy
空虚 kōngxū hollow/emptiness/meaningless
kòu to fasten/to button/button/buckle/knot/to arrest/to confiscate/to deduct (money)/discount/to knock/put upside down/to smash or spike (a ball)/to cover (with a bowl etc)/fig. to tag a label on sb
口气 kǒuqì tone of voice/manner of speaking
口腔 kǒuqiāng space inside mouth (oral cavity)
口头 kǒutóu oral/verbal
口音 kǒuyīn accent
kuà carry over one's shoulder or slung on one's side
kuà step across/stride/straddle/to cross
快活 kuàihuo happy/cheerful
宽敞 kuānchang spacious/commodious
款待 kuǎndài to entertain (guests)
kuāng basket
旷课 kuàng kè cut school/be truant from school
矿产 kuàngchǎn minerals
框架 kuàngjià frame/framework/skeleton
况且 kuàngqiě moreover/besides/in addition
宽容 kuānróng tolerant/lenient
款式 kuǎnshì pattern/design/style
亏待 kuīdài treat sb. unfairly
亏损 kuīsǔn deficit/(financial) loss
苦尽甘来 kǔjìngānlái sweetness comes after bitterness/the hard times are over and the good times are just beginning
捆绑 kǔnbǎng tie up/bundled
扩充 kuòchōng expand/extend
扩散 kuòsàn spread/proliferation
扩张 kuòzhāng expansion/extension
哭泣 kūqì weep/cry/sob
苦涩 kǔsè bitter and astringent/pained/agonized/anguished
枯萎 kūwěi wither/withered
枯燥 kūzào dry and dull/uninteresting
la sentence-final particle: a contraction of 了 (le) and 啊 (a)
喇叭 lǎba horn/trumpet/loudspeaker
来历 láilì history/antecedents/origin
来源 láiyuán source/originate
懒惰 lǎnduò lazy/idle
狼狈 lángbèi in a difficult position or situation/in a tight corner/scoundrel! (derogatory)
狼吞虎咽 lángtūnhǔyàn wolf down one's food (idiom)/gorge oneself
栏目 lánmù column (in a newspaper,TV,etc)
lāo dredge up/fish up
唠叨 láodao be talkative (especially about trivial matters)/be garrulous/prattle
牢固 láogù firm/secure/solid
牢骚 láosāo grumble/complaint
蜡烛 làzhú candle
雷达 léidá radar
类似 lèisì similar/analogous
lèng dumbfounded/stupefied/distracted/(spoken) blunt/rash
冷酷 lěngkù grim/unfeeling/callous
冷落 lěngluò to treat somebody coldy/to snub/desolate/to give the cold shoulder
冷却 lěngquè cooling/cool off
乐趣 lèqù delight/pleasure/joy/fun
乐意 lèyì be happy, willing do something/content/satisfied
a grain/granule/(mw for grain-like things)
理所当然 lǐ suǒ dāng rán (idiom) it goes without saying/certainly/of course/be natural and right
liàng dry in the air, sun/(colloquial) snub or ignore
谅解 liàngjiě understanding/make an allowance for/forgive
良心 liángxīn conscience
联欢 liánhuān have a get-together
廉洁 liánjié honest/incorruptible
联络 liánluò communication/to contact
联盟 liánméng alliance/union/coalition
连年 liánnián successive years/over many years/once again this year
连锁 liánsuǒ chain (store etc)/to interlock
连同 liántóng together with/along with
联想 liánxiǎng to associate (cognitively)/to make an associative connection/mental association/word prediction and auto-complete functions of input method editing programs/abbr. for 联想集团 Lenovo Group (PRC computer firm)
辽阔 liáokuò vast/extensive
理睬 lǐcǎi heed/pay attention to (usually used in the negative)
立场 lìchǎng position/standpoint
里程碑 lǐchéngbēi milestone
历代 lìdài successive dynasties/past dynasties
列举 lièjǔ make a list/enumerate
立方 lìfāng cube/(mw cubic units of measure)
利害 lìhai serious/formidable/devastating/(-hài: advantages and disadvantages)
立交桥 lìjiāoqiáo overpass/one road goes on top of another/cloverleaf intersection
礼节 lǐjié etiquette/proprieties/festival
历来 lìlái always/throughout (a period of time)
黎明 límíng dawn/daybreak
lín to drain/to drip/drench
临床 línchuáng clinical
凌晨 língchén early in the morning
灵感 línggǎn inspiration/insight/a burst of creativity in scientific or artistic endeavor
领会 lǐnghuì understand/comprehend/grasp
灵魂 línghún soul/spirit/conscience
伶俐 línglì clever/witty/intelligent
灵敏 língmǐn sensitive
领事馆 lǐngshìguǎn consulate
领土 lǐngtǔ territory
领悟 lǐngwù comprehend/grasp/fathom
领先 lǐngxiān leadership/to lead/be in front
零星 língxīng partial/scattered/fragmentary
领袖 lǐngxiù leader
吝啬 lìnsè stingy/mean/miserly
力求 lìqiú make every effort/do one's best
礼尚往来 lǐshàngwǎnglái courtesy requires reciprocity
力所能及 lìsuǒnéngjí within one's power/to the best of one's ability
立体 lìtǐ solid/three dimensional
liū slip away/to skate/to glide
留神 liú shén (idiom) take care to .../be careful of ...
流浪 liúlàng drift about/wander
留恋 liúliàn be reluctant to leave
流露 liúlù express/reveal (one's thoughts or feelings)
流氓 liúmáng rogue/hooligan/gangster
留念 liúniàn to keep as a souvenir
流通 liútōng circulate/currency
例外 lìwài (make an) exception
力争 lìzhēng work hard/do all one can to/strive for, argue strongly
理智 lǐzhì reason/intellect/rational
理直气壮 lǐzhíqìzhuàng with justice on one's side, one is bold and assured/to have the courage of ones convictions/just and forceful
立足 lìzú base oneself on/be established/have a footing
垄断 lǒngduàn monopoly
聋哑 lóngyǎ deaf and dumb/deaf-mute
笼罩 lǒngzhào envelop/to shroud/be masked by
隆重 lóngzhòng grand/prosperous/ceremonious
lǒu to hug/to embrace
屡次 lǚcì repeatedly/time and again/frequently
掠夺 lüèduó to plunder/rob/pillage
轮船 lúnchuán steamship
轮廓 lúnkuò outline/silhouette
轮胎 lúntāi tire (of a wheel)
论坛 lùntán forum
论证 lùnzhèng prove a point/expound on/argumentation
落成 luòchéng complete a construction project
落实 luòshí workable/implement
啰唆 luōsuo long-winded/wordy/troublesome/pesky
络绎不绝 luòyìbùjué endless stream
履行 lǚxíng fulfill (one's obligations)/carry out
炉灶 lúzào kitchen range/cooking range/stovetop range
ma, má (used to persuade somebody to do something)/(particle indicating obviousness) | (colloqial) what?
麻痹 mábì paralysis/palsy/numbness
mài to step/stride
脉搏 màibó pulse/throbbing
埋伏 máifu ambush/lie in ambush
埋没 máimò oblivion/bury/neglect
埋葬 máizàng bury
麻木 mámù numb
漫长 màncháng very long/endless
忙碌 mánglù be busy/bustling
茫茫 mángmáng boundless/vast and obscure
盲目 mángmù blindness/aimless
茫然 mángrán unseeing/ignorant/have no knowledge of sth.
漫画 mànhuà comics/manga
慢性 mànxìng slow and patient/chronic (disease)
蔓延 mànyán extend/spread/to creep
埋怨 mányuàn complain/blame/connotes sb or sth is to blame
冒充 màochōng pretend to be (somebody or something else)/pass (somebody or something) off as/impersonate
冒犯 màofàn to offend
茂盛 màoshèng exuberance/luxuriant
码头 mǎtou dock/wharf
蚂蚁 mǎyǐ ant
麻醉 mázuì anesthesia
méi (mw for coins, rings, medals)
美观 měiguān pleasing to the eye/beautiful/artistic
媒介 méijiè media/medium
美满 měimǎn happy/blissful
美妙 měimiào beautiful (when describing a work of art)/wonderful/splendid
猛烈 měngliè fierce/violent
萌芽 méngyá sprout/bud/germ of a plant
to squint/to take a nap
免得 miǎnde so as not to/so as to avoid
棉花 miánhua cotton
勉励 miǎnlì encourage
面貌 miànmào appearance/looks/features
勉强 miǎnqiǎng reluctantly/grudgingly/force sb. to do sth.
免疫 miǎnyì immune
面子 miànzi honor/reputation/prestige/face
描绘 miáohuì describe/portray
藐视 miǎoshì treat with contempt
渺小 miǎoxiǎo tiny/minute/negligible
瞄准 miáozhǔn take aim (a weapon at a target)
弥补 míbǔ make up for a deficiency/remedy/offset
密度 mìdù density/thickness/consistency
蔑视 mièshì despise/loathe/disparage/scorn
灭亡 mièwáng be destroyed/perish/exterminate/become extinct
密封 mìfēng seal up/pressurize
迷惑 míhuò to puzzle/confuse/mystify
弥漫 mímàn fill the air/permeate/to suffuse
名副其实 míng fù qí shí not just in name only/but also in reality
名额 míng'é particular number of people/quota
名次 míngcì position in a ranking of names
明明 míngmíng obviously/plainly/undoubtedly
命名 mìngmíng give a name/to dub/christen/naming
名誉 míngyù fame/reputation/honor/honorary
明智 míngzhì wise
民间 mínjiān among the people/popular/folk
敏捷 mǐnjié nimble/agile/shrewd
敏锐 mǐnruì keen/sharp/acute/brisk
民主 mínzhǔ democracy
迷人 mírén charming/enchanting/cute
迷信 míxìn superstition/be superstitious
谜语 míyǔ riddle/conundrum
membrane/film
摩擦 mócā friction/clash (between two parties)/conflict
模范 mófàn model/exemplar
魔鬼 móguǐ devil/demon/monster
磨合 móhé adapt gradually to each other/to consult/break in/wear in
莫名其妙 mòmíngqímiào odd/baffling/unaccountable
默默 mòmò in silence/not speaking
抹杀 mǒshā write off/erase/remove from evidence
模式 móshì model/pattern/method
魔术 móshù magic
墨水儿 mòshuǐer ink
摸索 mōsuǒ feel about/grope around/fumble
谋求 móuqiú seek/strive for/try to get
模型 móxíng model/mould/matrix/pattern
目睹 mùdǔ witness/see first hand
目光 mùguāng sight/vision/view
模样 múyàng appearance/form/approximation
母语 mǔyǔ native, mother tongue
沐浴 mùyù take a bath/revel/immerse
纳闷儿 nà mènr feel puzzled/bewildered
耐用 nàiyòng durable
难得 nándé hard to come by/difficult to get/rare
难堪 nánkān hard to take/endure/embarrassed
难能可贵 nánnéngkěguì estimable/extremely good
南辕北辙 nányuánběizhé at odds with/act in a way that defeats one's purpose
恼火 nǎohuǒ get angry/irritated/annoy
拿手 náshǒu good at/adept
内涵 nèihán connotation
内幕 nèimù inside story/non-public information/behind the scenes
内在 nèizài intrinsic/innate
能量 néngliàng energy/capabilities
年度 niándù year (e.g. school year, fiscal year, etc.)/annual
拟定 nǐdìng make an initial draft/draw up
niē to pinch (with one's fingers)/knead
níng wring/to pinch
凝固 nínggù curdle/freeze/solidify/congeal
凝聚 níngjù agglomeration/agglomerate/cohesion/coherence
宁肯 nìngkěn would rather .../it would be better
凝视 níngshì gaze/stare
宁愿 nìngyuàn would rather/better
纽扣儿 niǔkòur button
扭转 niǔzhuǎn to reverse/turn around (an undesirable situation)
逆行 nìxíng go, drive against the traffic/go in the wrong direction/regress/retrograde
浓厚 nónghòu dense/thick (fog, clouds, etc.)
农历 nónglì agricultural calendar/lunar calendar
虐待 nüèdài to abuse/maltreat/tyrannize
奴隶 núlì slave
nuó shift/move
ò oh (indicates understanding)
殴打 ōudǎ beat up/hit
呕吐 ǒutù to vomit/retch/nausea
偶像 ǒuxiàng Idol
lie on one's stomach
派别 pàibié denomination/group/school/faction/school of thought/sect
排斥 páichì to reject/repulse/exclude
排除 páichú eliminate/get rid of/remove
排放 páifàng to discharge/emit
徘徊 páihuái pace back and forth/hesitate/waver
排练 páiliàn to rehearse
派遣 pàiqiǎn send (on a mission)/dispatch
pàn riverbank/side/boundary
攀登 pāndēng to climb/clamber/to pull oneself up
庞大 pángdà enormous/huge/tremendous
判决 pànjué judgment (by a court of law)/adjudicate
盘旋 pánxuán spiral/coil/circle/go around
泡沫 pàomò foam/(soap bubble)/(economic) bubble
抛弃 pāoqì discard/abandon/dump (sb)
配套 pèi tào form a complete set
配偶 pèi'ǒu mate/consort/spouse
配备 pèibèi provide/outfit with
培育 péiyù to train/nurture/to breed
盆地 péndì basin
pěng hold or carry with both hands facing up
烹饪 pēngrèn cooking/culinary arts
split in two/to divide
偏差 piānchā bias/deviation
片断 piànduàn part/passage/extract/fragment/snatch
偏见 piānjiàn prejudice
片刻 piànkè a short period of time
偏僻 piānpì remote and isolated/far from the city
偏偏 piānpiān unexpectedly/contrary to expectations
漂浮 piāofú superficial/float/hover/drift
飘扬 piāoyáng wave in the wind/flutter/fly
疲惫 píbèi beaten/exhausted/tired
piě left-curving stroke (丿)/throw/fling
批发 pīfā wholesale
皮革 pígé leather
屁股 pìgu butt/rear/rump
疲倦 píjuàn tired/weary
拼命 pīn mìng risk one's life/desperately/with all one's might
拼搏 pīnbó struggle/wrestle
品尝 pǐncháng try/taste a small amount/to sample
品德 pǐndé moral character/morality/morals
贫乏 pínfá lacking/incomplete
频繁 pínfán frequently/often
平凡 píngfán commonplace/ordinary
评估 pínggū evaluate
评论 pínglùn comment on/discuss/remark
平面 píngmiàn a plane (i.e. flat surface)/type/category
屏幕 píngmù screen (TV, etc.)
平坦 píngtǎn flat
平行 píngxíng parallel/concurrent
平庸 píngyōng mediocre
平原 píngyuán field/plain/flatlands
屏障 píngzhàng wall/barrier/protective screen
贫困 pínkùn poor/impoverished
频率 pínlǜ frequency
品质 pǐnzhì quality/character
品种 pǐnzhǒng breed/variety
批判 pīpàn criticize/critique
譬如 pìrú for example/for instance/such as
slope
to splash/to spill/rude and unreasonable/brutish
rather/quite/inclined to one side
迫不及待 pòbùjídài be too impatient to wait
迫害 pòhài persecute/persecution
破例 pòlì make an exception
魄力 pòlì daring resolution/boldness/courage
to assault/rush at/throw oneself on
pù, pū bed/store | to spread/to lay
瀑布 pùbù waterfall
普及 pǔjí widespread/popular/popularize
朴实 pǔshí plain/sober/down-to-earth
朴素 pǔsù plain/simple/austerity
起草 qǐ cǎo draft (a bill)/draw up (plans)
起哄 qǐ hòng gather together/cause a commotion
岂有此理 qǐ yǒu cǐ lǐ outrageous/ridiculous/absurd
qiā pick (flowers)/pinch/clutch
恰到好处 qià dào hǎo chù just right/it's just perfect
恰当 qiàdàng appropriate/suitable/proper
qiān to lead along/to pull (an animal on a tether)
千方百计 qiān fāng bǎi jì by every possible means
牵扯 qiānchě implicate/involve
抢劫 qiǎngjié rob/looting
抢救 qiǎngjiù rescue/to save
强迫 qiǎngpò compel/to force
强制 qiángzhì enforce/control/coerce
前景 qiánjǐng outlook/future (prospects)/foreground
迁就 qiānjiù humor/yield/adapt to/accommodate (something)
潜力 qiánlì potential/capacity
签署 qiānshǔ sign (an agreement)
潜水 qiánshuǐ go diving
前提 qiántí premise/precondition
迁徙 qiānxǐ migrate/move/change one's residence
谦逊 qiānxùn humble/modest/humility
潜移默化 qiányímòhuà exert a subtle influence on sb.'s character, thinking, etc./impercebtibly influence/to influence secretly
谴责 qiǎnzé denounce/condemn/criticize
牵制 qiānzhì control/curb/restrict/impede
qiào stick up/bend upwards
桥梁 qiáoliáng bridge
窍门 qiàomén special tricks
恰巧 qiàqiǎo happen by chance/coincidence
洽谈 qiàtán discuss/talk over
器材 qìcái equipment/material
启程 qǐchéng set out on a journey
起初 qǐchū at first/originally/in the beginning
锲而不舍 qiè'érbùshě keep on chipping away/work with perseverance
切实 qièshí realistic/feasible/conscientiously
欺负 qīfu to bully/intimidate
起伏 qǐfú ups and downs/with a wavy motion
乞丐 qǐgài beggar
气概 qìgài mettle/spirit/gumption
气功 qìgōng Qi Gong, a system of deep breathing exercises
器官 qìguān organ/apparatus
迄今为止 qìjīnwéizhǐ until now/so far/to date
凄凉 qīliáng desolate/feel like no one likes you
起码 qǐmǎ at the minimum/at the very least
启蒙 qǐméng enlighten/enlightenment/instruct the young/to initiate
奇妙 qímiào wonderful/fantastic
侵犯 qīnfàn encroach on/infringe on/violation
情报 qíngbào intelligence/information-gathering
清澈 qīngchè clear/limpid
清晨 qīngchén early morning
清除 qīngchú eliminate/get rid of
请柬 qǐngjiǎn invitation card/written invitation
请教 qǐngjiào consult/seek advice
清洁 qīngjié clean/unpolluted/purity
情节 qíngjié plot/circumstances
晴朗 qínglǎng sunny and cloudless
清理 qīnglǐ cleanup/put in order/check up
情理 qínglǐ reason/sense
请示 qǐngshì ask for instructions
请帖 qǐngtiě invitation card/written invitation
倾听 qīngtīng listen attentively/heed (other people's opinions)
清晰 qīngxī clear/distinct/clarity
倾向 qīngxiàng trend/tendency/inclination
倾斜 qīngxié incline/lean/to slant/to slope/to tilt
清醒 qīngxǐng clear-headed/sober/regain consciousness
情形 qíngxing circumstances/situation
清真 qīngzhēn Muslim
勤俭 qínjiǎn hardworking and thrifty
勤劳 qínláo hardworking/diligent/industrious
侵略 qīnlüè invasion/encroachment/invade
亲密 qīnmì intimate/close/familiarity
钦佩 qīnpèi admire/have great respect for
亲热 qīnrè intimate/affectionate/warm
旗袍 qípáo cheongsam/Chinese-style dress
欺骗 qīpiàn deceive/to cheat/to dupe
气魄 qìpò spirit/daring/nerve/boldness/enterprising outlook
齐全 qíquán complete
气色 qìsè complexion
歧视 qíshì discriminate (against someone)
启示 qǐshì enlightenment/revelation
启事 qǐshì announcement/public information (usually posted on a billboard)
气势 qìshì imposing manner/look of great force or imposing manner
企图 qǐtú (to ) attempt/try/attempt
丘陵 qiūlíng hills
期望 qīwàng hope/expectation
气味 qìwèi odor/scent
期限 qīxiàn time limit/deadline/allotted time
气象 qìxiàng meteorology/atmosphere/phenomenon
齐心协力 qíxīnxiélì make concerted efforts
气压 qìyā atmospheric pressure/barometric pressure
起源 qǐyuán origin/originate/come from
旗帜 qízhì flag/banner
气质 qìzhì temperament/disposition
quǎn dog (Kangxi radical 94)
全力以赴 quán lì yǐ fù do at all costs/make an all-out effort
权衡 quánhéng trade-off/weigh pros and cons
全局 quánjú overall situation
圈套 quāntào trap
拳头 quántou fist
权威 quánwēi authority/authoritative
渠道 qúdào irrigation ditch/medium or channel of communication
取缔 qǔdì to ban/suppress
qué lame
缺席 quē xí absence/absent/default
确保 quèbǎo ensure/guarantee
缺口 quēkǒu gap/breach/shortfall
确立 quèlì to establish/to institute
确切 quèqiè definite/exact/precise
缺陷 quēxiàn a defect/a flaw/disfigurement
确信 quèxìn confident/be certain of/to firmly believe
区分 qūfēn differentiate/find differing aspects/find the difference between
屈服 qūfú yield/give in/submit
群众 qúnzhòng the masses/multitude
趣味 qùwèi fun/interest/delight/taste
区域 qūyù area/region/district
曲折 qūzhé winding/zigzag/complicated
驱逐 qūzhú banishment/expel/deport
曲子 qǔzi folk tune/music/melody
rǎn dye/to catch (a disease)
rǎng blurt out/shout
让步 ràng bù give in/concede/yield
扰乱 rǎoluàn disturb/perturb/harass
饶恕 ráoshù forgive/pardon/spare
热泪盈眶 rè lèi yíng kuàng (saying) eyes brimming with tears/extremely moved
惹祸 rěhuò stir up troubles
热门 rèmén in demand/popular/in vogue
仁慈 réncí benevolent/kindhearted/charitable
人道 réndào humanitarianism/humane
认定 rèndìng maintain (that sth. is true)/firmly believe
人格 réngé personality/moral integrity/character
仍旧 réngjiù still (remaining)/remain (the same)/yet
人工 réngōng man-made/manpower/manual work
人家 rénjiā other people/others/they/I/family/household
人间 rénjiān man's world/the world
认可 rènkě approve/accept/ratify
任命 rènmìng appoint and nominate
忍耐 rěnnài show restraint/endure/exercise patience
人士 rénshì person/public figure
忍受 rěnshòu to bear/endure/tolerate
人为 rénwéi artificial/man-made
人性 rénxìng human nature/humanity
任性 rènxìng willful/headstrong
任意 rènyì arbitrarily/at will/at random
人质 rénzhì hostage
任重道远 rènzhòngdàoyuǎn lit. a heavy load and a long road/fig. to bear heavy responsibilities through a long struggle/shoulder heavy responsibilities
日新月异 rìxīnyuèyì change with each passing day
日益 rìyì day by day/more and more/increasingly
融化 rónghuà melt/thaw/dissolve/blend into
溶解 róngjiě dissolve/solution
容貌 róngmào facial features/looks/appearance
容纳 róngnà contain/accommodate/tolerate (different options)
容器 róngqì container/receptacle/vessel
融洽 róngqià harmonious/friendly relations
容忍 róngrěn put up with/tolerate/condone
荣幸 róngxìng honored
荣誉 róngyù honor/glory
róu knead/to massage/to rub
柔和 róuhé gentle/soft/mild
儒家 rújiā Confucianism
弱点 ruòdiǎn weak point/failing
若干 ruògān a certain number or amount/how many/how much
撒谎 sā huǎng to tell lies
散布 sànbù to scatter/disseminate/to spread
散发 sànfā distribute/emit
丧失 sàngshī to lose/to forfeit
散文 sǎnwén prose/essay
骚扰 sāorǎo harass/disturb/molest/cause a commotion
嫂子 sǎozi (informal) elder brother's wife/sister-in-law
shá (spoken) what
刹车 shā chē brake (when driving)/stop/switch off
筛选 shāixuǎn to filter/to sift
擅长 shàncháng be good at/be expert in
伤脑筋 shāng nǎojīn troublesome/bothersome
上任 shàng rèn take office
商标 shāngbiāo trademark/logo
上级 shàngjí higher authorities/superiors
上进 shàngjìn make forward progress/do better
尚且 shàngqiě yet/still/even/also
上瘾 shàngyǐn become addicted/get into a habit
上游 shàngyóu upper reaches (of a river)/advanced position
山脉 shānmài mountain range
闪烁 shǎnshuò to twinkle/to flicker/glimmer
擅自 shànzì unauthorized
shāo bring or take (along)/deliver (a message)
shāo tip of a branch
shào a whistle/sentry post
奢侈 shēchǐ luxury/sumptuous/extravagant
涉及 shèjí involve/relate to/to touch upon (a topic)
设立 shèlì set up/establish
深奥 shēn'ào profound/deep
申报 shēnbào declare/report (to customs or other authority)
审查 shěnchá examine/investigate/censorship
深沉 shēnchén deep/extreme/low pitched (sound)/grave/of major importance
生效 shēng xiào take effect/become effective
盛产 shèngchǎn abound in/teem with/superabundant
牲畜 shēngchù livestock/domesticated animals
生存 shēngcún exist/survive
胜负 shèngfù victory or defeat/the outcome of a battle
省会 shěnghuì provincial capital
生机 shēngjī reprieve from death/life force/vitality
盛开 shèngkāi to bloom/be in full flower
生理 shēnglǐ physiology
声明 shēngmíng statement/declare/proclaim
盛情 shèngqíng great kindness/boundless hospitality
声势 shēngshì momentum/fame and power/prestige
生疏 shēngshū unfamiliar/strange/out of practice
生态 shēngtài way of life/ecology
生物 shēngwù organism/living creature/life form
生肖 shēngxiào Chinese zodiac
盛行 shèngxíng in fashion/prevalent/prevail
生锈 shēngxiù to rust
生育 shēngyù give birth/to rear/bring up (children)
声誉 shēngyù reputation/fame
神经 shénjīng nerve
审理 shěnlǐ hear (a case)
审美 shěnměi aesthetic sense/appreciation of the arts
审判 shěnpàn put (someone) to trial/to try somebody
神奇 shénqí miraculous/magical/mystical
神气 shénqì expression/manner/spirited
深情厚谊 shēnqínghòuyì profound friendship
神圣 shénshèng divine/holy/sacred
绅士 shēnshì gentleman
神态 shéntài appearance/looks/manner/expression
渗透 shèntòu infiltrate/permeate
神仙 shénxiān fig. lighthearted person/Daoist immortal/supernatural entity/(in modern fiction) fairy, elf, leprechaun, etc./supernatural being, celestial being, immortal/a person who has the power of clairvoyance or who is free from worldly cares
呻吟 shēnyín to moan/to groan
慎重 shènzhòng cautious/careful/prudent
社区 shèqū community
摄氏度 shèshìdù degrees Celsius
舌头 shétou tongue
设想 shèxiǎng imagine/consider/tentative plan
设置 shèzhì set up/install/to fit
shí pick up/ten (banker's anti-fraud numeral)
失事 shī shì be involved in a crash/(have an) accident
实事求是 shí shì qiú shì be practical and realistic/seek truth from facts
失踪 shī zōng be missing/be unaccounted for
时而 shí'ér occasionally/often, but not at any fixed time
势必 shìbì is bound to (happen)
识别 shíbié identify/distinguish/discern
时常 shícháng time and again/often/frequently
世代 shìdài for generations/generation to generation
师范 shīfàn teacher-training/pedagogical/normal (school)
示范 shìfàn demonstrate/lead the way/show how something is done
释放 shìfàng release/set free/liberate (a prisoner)
是非 shìfēi right and wrong/truth and fiction/quarrel
事故 shìgù accident
时光 shíguāng time/era/period of time
实惠 shíhuì substantial material benefit/advantageous (deal)
时机 shíjī opportune time/opportunity
事迹 shìjì achievement/deed
施加 shījiā exert (effort or pressure)
事件 shìjiàn event/happening/incident
实力 shílì strength
势力 shìli power/influence
视力 shìlì vision/eyesight
使命 shǐmìng a (diplomatic or other) mission
视频 shìpín video
时事 shíshì current events/the present situation
实施 shíshī to implement/put into effect/carry out
逝世 shìshì pass away/to die
事态 shìtài situation/existing state of affairs
尸体 shītǐ dead body/corpse/carcass
试图 shìtú to try/to attempt
示威 shìwēi hold a protest demonstration
失误 shīwù mistake/lapse/miss
事务 shìwù affairs/work
视线 shìxiàn line of sight/view line
事项 shìxiàng matter/item
实行 shíxíng to implement/put into practice/carry out
试验 shìyàn experiment/test
事业 shìyè undertaking/project/cause/enterprise
视野 shìyě field of vision
示意 shìyì to signal/to hint/to gesture/to motion/to indicate (an idea to sb)
适宜 shìyí suitable for/appropriate for
石油 shíyóu oil/petroleum
施展 shīzhǎn use fully/put to good use
实质 shízhì substance/essence/gist
十足 shízú full of/complete/100 percent
收藏 shōucáng collect/keep
手法 shǒufǎ technique/trick/skill/tact
守护 shǒuhù guard/defend/protect
手势 shǒushì gesture/sign/signal
首饰 shǒushì jewelry
收缩 shōusuō pull back/shrink
首要 shǒuyào the most important/chief/principal
收益 shōuyì earnings/profit
手艺 shǒuyì craft/workmanship/one's cooking
收音机 shōuyīnjī radio
授予 shòuyǔ to award/confer
受罪 shòuzuì endure hardships/have a hard time
shù to tie/to bind/restrain/(mw for bunches, bundles, bouquets, etc.)
shù vertical/to erect/vertical stroke
数额 shù'é amount/sum of money/fixed number
shuǎ play, mess around with/juggle
衰老 shuāilǎo grow old/age/deteriorate
率领 shuàilǐng lead/command/head
衰退 shuāituì decline/fall/drop/falter
双胞胎 shuāngbāotāi twins
爽快 shuǎngkuài refreshed/rejuvenated/frank
涮火锅 shuànhuǒguō to instant-boil (mutton, beef, vegetables, etc.)
舒畅 shūchàng happy/entirely free from worry
书法 shūfǎ calligraphy/penmanship
束缚 shùfù to bind/restrict/to tie
疏忽 shūhu neglect/overlook/negligence
水利 shuǐlì water conservancy/irrigation works
水龙头 shuǐlóngtóu faucet/tap
水泥 shuǐní cement
书籍 shūjí books/works
书记 shūji secretary/clerk
树立 shùlì set up/establish
书面 shūmiàn in writing/written (guarantee, etc.)
瞬间 shùnjiān in the twinkling of an eye/in an instant/momentary
疏远 shūyuǎn drift apart/keep at a distance/not in close touch/estranged
司法 sīfǎ judicial/(administration of) justice
司令 sīlìng commanding officer
寺庙 sìmiào temple/monastery
思念 sīniàn think of/long for/to miss
思索 sīsuǒ think deeply/ponder
死亡 sǐwáng to die/death/be dead
思维 sīwéi (line) of thought/thinking
斯文 sīwen refined/educated/cultured/intellectual/men of letters/scholars/literati/polite/gentle
肆无忌惮 sìwújìdàn absolutely unrestrained/unbridled/without the slightest scruple
饲养 sìyǎng to raise/to rear (domestic animal)
四肢 sìzhī arms and legs/the four limbs of the body
私自 sīzì private/secretly/without permission
sǒng shrug/towering/shock (alarm)
sōu (mw for boats and ships)
算数 suànshù (do) arithmetic/count
俗话 súhuà common saying/proverb
隧道 suìdào tunnel
随即 suíjí immediately (after)/soon after/immediately
随意 suíyì as one wishes/according to one's wishes
岁月 suìyuè the years of a person's life
损坏 sǔnhuài to damage/injure
索取 suǒqǔ demand/ask for/to exact
索性 suǒxìng you might as well (do it)/simply/just/frankly/bluntly/directly
素食 sùshí vegetables/vegetarian food
诉讼 sùsòng lawsuit
苏醒 sūxǐng wake up/regain consciousness
塑造 sùzào to shape/mould/figure
素质 sùzhì inner quality/basic essence/character quality
collapse/fall down/crumple
pagoda/tower
泰斗 tàidǒu leading scholar of his time/magnate
台风 táifēng typhoon
太空 tàikōng outer space
tān to spread out/vendor's stand/booth/fry/(mw for puddles)
叹气 tàn qì to sigh
坦白 tǎnbái honest/forthcoming/to confess
探测 tàncè probe/take readings/detect/explore
倘若 tǎngruò provided that/supposing that/if/in case
瘫痪 tānhuàn paralysis
贪婪 tānlán greedy/avaricious
探索 tànsuǒ explore/quest
探讨 tàntǎo inquire into/explore
探望 tànwàng pay a visit/look around
贪污 tānwū (political, moral) corruption/embezzle
弹性 tánxìng flexibility/elasticity
tāo fish out (from pocket)
陶瓷 táocí ceramics/pottery and porcelain
讨好 tǎohǎo to flatter
淘汰 táotài eliminate (in a competition)/natural selection/die, phase out
滔滔不绝 tāotāo bù jué (saying) talking non-stop/gushing/torrential
陶醉 táozuì be intoxicated (with power, success, etc.)
踏实 tāshi practical/down-to-earth/realistic/feel at ease/steadfast
特长 tècháng strong point/specialty
特定 tèdìng special/specific/designated
特意 tèyì specially for/with the special intention of
tiǎn to lick
天才 tiāncái talent/gift/a genius/talented
天赋 tiānfù natural talent
田径 tiánjìng track and field
天伦之乐 tiānlúnzhīlè family happiness
天然气 tiānránqì natural gas
天生 tiānshēng innate/inherent/natural
天堂 tiāntáng paradise/heaven
天文 tiānwén astronomy
田野 tiányě field/open country
挑拨 tiǎobō incite disharmony/provoke/stir up tension in others
调和 tiáohé harmonious/harmony
调剂 tiáojì make an adjustment
调节 tiáojié adjust/regulate/reconcile
调解 tiáojiě mediation/bring together to an agreement
条款 tiáokuǎn clause (of contract or law)
条理 tiáolǐ consecutive/arrangement/orderliness
调料 tiáoliào seasoning/flavoring
挑剔 tiāoti picky/fastidious
挑衅 tiǎoxìn provoke/defiance
条约 tiáoyuē treaty/pact
跳跃 tiàoyuè jump/leap/bound/skip
提拔 tíbá promote to a higher job/elevate
题材 tícái subject matter
体裁 tǐcái types or forms of literature
体积 tǐjī volume/bulk
提炼 tíliàn extract (ore, minerals, etc.)/refine/purify
体谅 tǐliàng empathize/express sympathy/allow (for something)
体面 tǐmiàn dignity/honorable/face
挺拔 tǐngbá tall and straight
停泊 tíngbó anchor/mooring (of a ship)
停顿 tíngdùn pause/halt
停滞 tíngzhì stagnation/be at a standstill/bogged down
亭子 tíngzi pavilion/kiosk
提示 tíshì to prompt/to present/to point out/to draw attention to sth/hint/brief/cue
体系 tǐxì system/setup
提议 tíyì propose/suggest
tóng copper
同胞 tóngbāo compatriot/fellow countryman
统筹兼顾 tǒngchóujiāngù take every aspects into consideration through plan and preparation
童话 tónghuà fairy tale
通货膨胀 tōnghuò péngzhàng inflation
通缉 tōngjī order the arrest of a criminal
统计 tǒngjì statistics/to tally/to add up
通俗 tōngsú popular/common/everyday/average/vulgar
统统 tǒngtǒng totally/completely
通讯 tōngxùn communication/correspondence/news dispatch
通用 tōngyòng in common use/interchangeable/General Motors
同志 tóngzhì comrade/gay (slang)
统治 tǒngzhì to rule (a country)/govern/governance
投机 tóujī speculate (on financial markets)/congenial/opportunistic
透露 tòulù divulge/to reveal/leak out
投票 tóupiào vote/poll
投诉 tóusù make a complaint/appeal to a court
投降 tóuxiáng to surrender
投掷 tóuzhì throw something a long distance/hurl
bald/blunt
图案 tú'àn design/pattern
团结 tuánjié unite/hold a rally/join forces
团体 tuántǐ group/organization/team
团圆 tuányuán have a reunion/reunite as a family
徒弟 túdì disciple
推测 tuīcè speculate/conjecture/surmise
推翻 tuīfān overthrow/topple
推理 tuīlǐ reasoning/speculative/inference
推论 tuīlùn infer/a deduction/a corollary
推销 tuīxiāo to market/sell
途径 tújìng way/channel
涂抹 túmǒ scribble/smear/doodle
吞吞吐吐 tūntūntǔtǔ hum and haw (idiom)/mumble as if hiding something/speak and break off, then start again/to hold something back
妥当 tuǒdang appropriate/proper/pertinence
脱离 tuōlí to separate oneself from/to break away from/be divorced from/diastasis (medicine)/abscission/abjunction (botany)
唾弃 tuòqì cast aside/spurn
妥善 tuǒshàn appropriate/proper/well-arranged
妥协 tuǒxié to compromise/reach terms
拖延 tuōyán prolong/protraction/delay/stall/procrastinate
椭圆 tuǒyuán ellipse/oval
托运 tuōyùn check in (baggage)/consign for shipment
突破 tūpò break through/breakthrough
土壤 tǔrǎng soil/earth
wa wow/(sound of crying or surprise)
外表 wàibiǎo outward appearance/external/outside
外行 wàiháng layman/amateur/nonprofessional
外界 wàijiè the outside world/external
歪曲 wāiqū to distort/to misrepresent/to twist/crooked/askew/aslant
外向 wàixiàng extroverted/export-oriented (economy)
瓦解 wǎjiě collapse/disintegrate/crumble
挖掘 wājué excavate/dig/unearth
wán pill/pellet
完备 wánbèi complete/perfect
完毕 wánbì finish/end/complete
万分 wànfēn very much/extremely
往常 wǎngcháng habitually in the past/as one used to do/as it used to be
往事 wǎngshì the past events/former happenings
顽固 wángù stubborn/obstinate
妄想 wàngxiǎng vainly hope/wishful thinking/delusion
挽回 wǎnhuí reverse or salvage (a situation)/redeem/retrieve
挽救 wǎnjiù to rescue/retrieve/to remedy
玩弄 wánnòng resort to/play with/engage in
顽强 wánqiáng tenacious/hard to defeat
惋惜 wǎnxī feel sorry for a person/sympathize/to regret
玩意儿 wányìr thing/toy/gadget
娃娃 wáwa baby/child/doll
微不足道 wēi bù zú dào negligible/insignificant/not worth mentioning
wèi, wéi hey/to feed | hello (on the phone)
违背 wéibèi violate/go against
维持 wéichí maintain/preserve
唯独 wéidú only/just (i.e. it is only that ...)/alone
威风 wēifēng awe-inspiring authority/power and prestige/impressive force
微观 wēiguān microscopic/sub atomic
维护 wéihù defend/to safeguard/defense/maintain
危机 wēijī crisis
畏惧 wèijù to fear/foreboding
蔚蓝 wèilán azure/sky blue
威力 wēilì might/power that invokes fear
未免 wèimiǎn (of something that one finds has gone too far)/rather a bit too
为难 wéinán make things difficult for someone/embarrassed
为期 wéiqī be scheduled for/last for (a certain duration)
维生素 wéishēngsù vitamin
委托 wěituō to entrust/to trust/to ensign/to commission
威望 wēiwàng prestige
慰问 wèiwèn to express sympathy/consolation/extend regards to/salute
威信 wēixìn prestige/reputation/veneration/authority/trust
卫星 wèixīng satellite
委员 wěiyuán committee member/committee/council
伪造 wěizào forge/to fake/to counterfeit
温带 wēndài temperate zone
温和 wēnhé moderate/warm/(-huo: lukewarm)
文凭 wénpíng diploma
问世 wènshì be published/to come out
文物 wénwù cultural relic/historical relic
文献 wénxiàn document/literature
文雅 wényǎ elegant/refined
文艺 wényì literature and art
nest/den
无能为力 wú néng wéi lì incapable of action/powerless/impotent
无微不至 wú wēi bú zhì in every possible way/meticulously
无比 wúbǐ matchless/incomparable
务必 wùbì must/need to/be sure to
误差 wùchā difference/error/inaccuracy
无偿 wúcháng free/no charge/at no cost
无耻 wúchǐ without any sense of shame/shameless/audaciousness
舞蹈 wǔdǎo a dance
无动于衷 wúdòngyúzhōng aloof/indifferent/unconcerned/untouched
无非 wúfēi nothing but/only
无辜 wúgū innocent
乌黑 wūhēi jet-black/pitch-black
误解 wùjiě misunderstand/misread
无精打采 wújīngdǎcǎi listless/be dispirited/in low spirits
无赖 wúlài hoodlum/rascal/rogue/rascally/scoundrelly
无理取闹 wúlǐqǔnào to make trouble without reason (idiom)/wilfully make trouble/to be deliberately provocative/deliberately awkward/pointless provocation
物美价廉 wùměijiàlián attractive goods at inexpensive prices
污蔑 wūmiè to slander
武器 wǔqì weapon/arms
无穷无尽 wúqióngwújìn vast and limitless/endless span of time/no vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end
侮辱 wǔrǔ to insult/humiliate
武侠 wǔxiá knight-errant/a genre of swordplay martial arts movies and books
诬陷 wūxiàn entrap/to frame/plant false evidence against sb.
物业 wùyè property management
无忧无虑 wúyōuwúlǜ carefree and without worries
无知 wúzhī ignorance
武装 wǔzhuāng arms/equipment/to arm
物资 wùzī goods and materials/commodity
creek
xiá red clouds
狭隘 xiá'ài narrow/tight/narrow (minded)/lacking in experience
峡谷 xiágǔ canyon/ravine/gorge
xián bow string/string of musical instruments
xián to dislike/suspicion/grudge
现场 xiànchǎng scene (of event or incident)/on the spot
现成 xiànchéng ready-made/off-the-shelf
宪法 xiànfǎ constitution/charter
xiàng lane/alley
想方设法 xiǎng fāng shè fǎ (saying) think of or try every possible method/by all means possible
相差 xiāngchà differ/difference
向导 xiàngdǎo guide
相等 xiāngděng be equal to/equally/equivalent
相辅相成 xiāngfǔxiāngchéng supplement and complement each other
向来 xiànglái always/all along
响亮 xiǎngliàng loud and clear/resounding
镶嵌 xiāngqiàn inlay
相声 xiàngsheng comic dialogue/crosstalk
向往 xiàngwǎng yearn for/look forward to
相应 xiāngyìng correspond/relevant
响应 xiǎngyìng respond to/answer
乡镇 xiāngzhèn village and town
陷害 xiànhài cast blame on/to frame
闲话 xiánhuà gossip/digression
贤惠 xiánhuì virtuous and dutiful (of women)
衔接 xiánjiē to join together/to combine
先进 xiānjìn advanced (technology)/to advance
陷阱 xiànjǐng trap/snare
鲜明 xiānmíng bright/clear-cut/distinct
掀起 xiānqǐ lift/raise in height
先前 xiānqián before/previously
馅儿 xiànr stuffing/filling
陷入 xiànrù sink into/get caught up in/land in (a predicament)
线索 xiànsuǒ trail/clues/hints/thread (of a story)
纤维 xiānwéi fiber
嫌疑 xiányí suspicion/(be) suspected (of)
显著 xiǎnzhù notable/marked/outstanding/remarkable
现状 xiànzhuàng current situation/status quo
消毒 xiāo dú disinfect/sterilize
消除 xiāochú eliminate/remove/clear up (abstract things)
消防 xiāofáng fire-fighting/fire prevention and control
消耗 xiāohào use up/consume
销毁 xiāohuǐ destroy (by melting or burning)
消灭 xiāomiè eliminate/perish/wipe out
潇洒 xiāosǎ free and easy
肖像 xiàoxiàng portrait
小心翼翼 xiǎoxīn yìyì carefully/cautiously/with great care
效益 xiàoyì benefit/results
下属 xiàshǔ subordinate/underling
狭窄 xiázhǎi narrow
细胞 xìbāo cell (biology)
xiè crumbs/filings/worth while
携带 xiédài take with/portable
协会 xiéhuì an association/a society
谢绝 xièjué politely refuse
泄露 xièlòu leak (information)/divulge
泄气 xièqì despair/feel like giving up, disappointing/pathetic
协商 xiéshāng consult with/talk things over
协调 xiétiáo coordinate/harmonize
协议 xiéyì agreement/pact/protocol
协助 xiézhù assist/to help
媳妇 xífù daughter-in-law/son's wife
膝盖 xīgài knee
袭击 xíjī surprise attack/to raid
细菌 xìjūn bacteria/virus/germ
系列 xìliè series
熄灭 xīmiè extinguish/go out (of fire)/die out/extinction
新陈代谢 xīn chén dàixiè metabolism (bio)/(saying) the new replaces the old
心得 xīndé knowledge gained
xīng fishy (smell)
兴高采烈 xìng gāo cǎi liè in high spirits
心甘情愿 xīngānqíngyuàn totally willing/perfectly happy to
性感 xìnggǎn sex appeal/sexy/sexuality
兴隆 xīnglóng prosperous/flourishing
性命 xìngmìng life
性能 xìngnéng function/performance
刑事 xíngshì criminal/penal
形态 xíngtài shape/form/pattern
兴旺 xīngwàng prosperous/thriving/to prosper
行政 xíngzhèng administration/administrative
兴致勃勃 xìngzhìbóbó in high spirits
信赖 xìnlài trust/have confidence in/confide
新郎 xīnláng bridegroom/groom
心灵 xīnlíng heart/soul/smart/quick-witted
信念 xìnniàn faith/belief/conviction
新娘 xīnniáng bride
辛勤 xīnqín hardworking/diligent/industrious
薪水 xīnshuǐ salary/wage/pay/stipend
心态 xīntài pyschology/mentality/spirit
心疼 xīnténg love dearly/the pain of love
欣慰 xīnwèi be gratified/satisfied
欣欣向荣 xīnxīn xiàng róng flourishing/thriving/prosperous
心血 xīnxuè heart and blood/painstaking effort/meticulous care
信仰 xìnyǎng firm belief/faith/believe in (a religion)
心眼儿 xīnyǎnr one's thoughts/mind/intention/willingness to accept new ideas
新颖 xīnyǐng new and original/novel
信誉 xìnyù reputation/prestige/trust
凶恶 xiōng'è fierce/ferocious/menacing
雄厚 xiónghòu abundant/strong and solid/rich
胸怀 xiōnghuái think about/heart/one's bosom (the seat of emotions)/breast/broad-minded and open
凶手 xiōngshǒu murderer/assassin/assailant
胸膛 xiōngtáng chest
雄伟 xióngwěi grand/majestic
汹涌 xiōngyǒng (used in reference to an ocean, river, lake etc.) violently surge up/turbulent
昔日 xīrì formerly/in olden days
牺牲 xīshēng sacrifice (one's life, etc.)
习俗 xísú custom/tradition/(local) convention
xiù embroider/embroidery
羞耻 xiūchǐ (a feeling of) shame
修复 xiūfù restoration/repair
修建 xiūjiàn to build/to construct/renovate
嗅觉 xiùjué sense of smell/scent
修养 xiūyǎng accomplishment/self-cultivation
喜闻乐见 xǐwénlèjiàn a delight to see (idiom)/an attractive spectacle
夕阳 xīyáng setting sun
喜悦 xǐyuè happy/joyous
细致 xìzhì delicate/meticulous
宣誓 xuān shì swear an oath (of office)/make a vow
选拔 xuǎnbá select the best/choose
悬挂 xuánguà suspend/hang/suspension (cable car)
喧哗 xuānhuá cause a scene
选举 xuǎnjǔ elect/election
旋律 xuánlǜ melody/tune/rhythm
悬念 xuánniàn reader's involvement/suspense in a movie, place etc
选手 xuǎnshǒu athlete/contestant/player
悬殊 xuánshū a wide gap/big contrast/large disparity/a mismatch
宣扬 xuānyáng publicize/make public or well known
炫耀 xuànyào to show off/flaunt
悬崖峭壁 xuányáqiàobì cliffside
旋转 xuánzhuǎn to whirl/to spin/rotate
xuē to pare, peel with a knife/to cut/to chop
削弱 xuēruò weaken/to cripple
雪上加霜 xuěshàngjiāshuāng (literally) add frost to snow/one disaster after another/insult added to injury
学说 xuéshuō theory/doctrine
学位 xuéwèi academic degree/educational level
血压 xuèyā blood pressure
虚假 xūjiǎ false/phony/pretense/deceit
酗酒 xùjiǔ heavy drinking/drink to excess/binge drink
许可 xǔkě allow/permit/permission
畜牧 xùmù raise animals
循序渐进 xún xù jiàn jìn make steady progress incrementally/step by step program
循环 xúnhuán circular cycle/loop/circulate
巡逻 xúnluó to patrol (police, army or navy)
寻觅 xúnmì to seek/to look for
熏陶 xūntáo to influence (positively)
需求 xūqiú requirement/demand (economics)
虚荣 xūróng vanity
虚伪 xūwěi false/hypocritical/artificial/sham
序言 xùyán preface of a book, used to explain the book's objective
须知 xūzhī prerequisites/knowledge requirement
亚军 yàjūn second place/runner-up
延期 yán qī delay/extend/postpone
演变 yǎnbiàn develop/evolve
掩盖 yǎngài conceal/cover up/hide behind
样品 yàngpǐn sample/specimen
氧气 yǎngqì oxygen
眼光 yǎnguāng vision
沿海 yánhǎi coastal
严寒 yánhán bitter cold/severe winter
掩护 yǎnhù cover/shield/screen
烟花爆竹 yānhuābàozhú fireworks and crackers
严禁 yánjìn strictly prohibit/forbid
严峻 yánjùn grim/severe/rigorous/harsh
严厉 yánlì strict/severe
言论 yánlùn expression of (political) opinion/speech
严密 yánmì strict/closely-knit/tight
淹没 yānmò submerge/drown/to flood
炎热 yánrè blistering hot/sizzling hot (weather)
眼色 yǎnsè a wink/signal with one's eyes
延伸 yánshēn extend/spread/stretch
眼神 yǎnshén expression or emotion showing in one's eyes
岩石 yánshí rock/stone
掩饰 yǎnshì conceal a fault/gloss over
验收 yànshōu inspect and then accept (i.e. received goods
厌恶 yànwù loathe/to hate/detest
演习 yǎnxí rehearse/practice/put on a play
延续 yánxù continue/last longer
演绎 yǎnyì deduction/to deduce/to infer
验证 yànzhèng inspect and verify
演奏 yǎnzòu give an instrumental performance
摇摆 yáobǎi to waver/to wag/to sway
要点 yàodiǎn main point/essential
摇滚 yáogǔn rock and roll
遥控 yáokòng remote control
要命 yàomìng cause somebody's death/very/extremely/frighteningly/annoyance
要素 yàosù essential factor/key constituent
谣言 yáoyán rumor
耀眼 yàoyǎn dazzle/to shine
遥远 yáoyuǎn distant/remote
压迫 yāpò oppress
鸦雀无声 yāquèwúshēng not even a crow or sparrow can be heard (idiom)/silence reigns
压岁钱 yāsuìqián gifts of money given to children during the Spring Festival
压缩 yāsuō to compress
压抑 yāyì constrain or repress one's emotions/inhibition/repressive
压榨 yāzhà to press/to squeeze/to extract juice, oil, etc. by squeezing
压制 yāzhì suppress/inhibit/stifle
野蛮 yěmán barbarous/uncivilized/cruel/wild
液体 yètǐ liquid
野心 yěxīn ambition/wild schemes or ambitions/careerism
also
wings/fins on fish/shelter
以便 yǐbiàn so that/in order to
遗产 yíchǎn heritage/legacy
异常 yìcháng exceptional/abnormal
遗传 yíchuán inherit/hereditary
一度 yídù for a time/at one time/one time/once
一帆风顺 yìfānfēngshùn (saying) smooth sailing
一贯 yíguàn consistent/constant/from start to finish/then as now
疑惑 yíhuò (a sense of) uncertainty/to feel unsure about something/uncertainty
依旧 yījiù as before/still
依据 yījù according to/basis/foundation
一举两得 yìjǔliǎngdé kill two birds with one stone/(literally) attain two objectives with a single move
依靠 yīkào rely on/depend on
依赖 yīlài depend on/be dependent on
毅力 yìlì willpower/perseverance/will/stamina/tenacity
意料 yìliào expectation/to anticipate/to think ahead
一流 yīliú top-grade
遗留 yíliú legacy/left over/hand down
以免 yǐmiǎn so as not to/in order to avoid/lest
一目了然 yímùliǎorán obvious at a glance
隐蔽 yǐnbì conceal/hide/covert/under cover/Take cover!
引导 yǐndǎo to guide/to conduct/introduction
迎面 yíng miàn face to face/headlong/in one's face
婴儿 yīng'ér baby infant
应酬 yìngchou socialize with/a social engagement
盈利 yínglì profit/gain
英明 yīngmíng wise/brilliant
应邀 yìngyāo at sb.'s invitation
英勇 yīngyǒng bravery/heroic/valiant/gallant
隐患 yǐnhuàn hidden danger
隐瞒 yǐnmán conceal/hide/(a taboo subject)/cover up the truth
阴谋 yīnmóu a plot/a conspiracy
引擎 yǐnqíng engine
饮食 yǐnshí food and drink/diet
隐私 yǐnsī privacy/personal secret
音响 yīnxiǎng (Electronic) speakers/acoustics/sound field (i.e., in a room or theater)
引用 yǐnyòng quote/cite
隐约 yǐnyuē vague/faint/indistinct
仪器 yíqì apparatus/(scientific) instrument
毅然 yìrán without hesitation/resolutely/firmly
一如既往 yìrújìwǎng just as in the past (idiom)/as before/continuing as always
衣裳 yīshang clothes
仪式 yíshì ceremony
遗失 yíshī lose/lose due to carelessness
意识 yìshi realize/consciousness/awareness/sense
一丝不苟 yìsībùgǒu (literally) not one thread loose/strictly according to the rules/meticulous
意图 yìtú intent/intention/intend
依托 yītuō rely on/depend on
以往 yǐwǎng in the past/formerly
意味着 yìwèizhe signify/to mean/imply
一向 yíxiàng all along/the whole time/constantly/always
意向 yìxiàng will/intent/disposition
以至 yǐzhì down to/up to/to such an extent as to...
以致 yǐzhì so that/as a result
意志 yìzhì will/willpower/determination
永恒 yǒnghéng eternal/everlasting
拥护 yōnghù to support/endorse
用户 yònghù user/consumer/subscriber/customer
庸俗 yōngsú filthy/vulgar/debased
涌现 yǒngxiàn spring up/emerge prominently
拥有 yōngyǒu have/possess
勇于 yǒngyú have the courage to/be brave enough
踊跃 yǒngyuè eager/enthusiastically
诱惑 yòuhuò tempt/temptation/entice/lure/attract
油腻 yóunì greasy or oily (food)
油漆 yóuqī oil paint/varnish
犹如 yóurú just as/similar to/appearing to be
优胜劣汰 yōushèngliètài survival of the fittest
有条不紊 yǒutiáobùwěn in an orderly way/methodically/systematically/methodical
优先 yōuxiān priority/preferential
优异 yōuyì exceptional/excellent/outstandingly good
忧郁 yōuyù melancholy/dejected
优越 yōuyuè superior/superiority
幼稚 yòuzhì childish/naïve/immature
jade (Kangxi radical 96)
recover/heal/the more ... the more
原告 yuángào plaintiff/complainant/accuser
缘故 yuángù reason/cause
原理 yuánlǐ principle/theory
园林 yuánlín gardens/park/landscape
圆满 yuánmǎn satisfactory
源泉 yuánquán headspring/fountainhead/water source
原始 yuánshǐ first/original/primitive
元首 yuánshǒu head of state
元素 yuánsù element/element of a set/chemical element
冤枉 yuānwang to wrong/injustice/not worthwhile
原先 yuánxiān former/original
元宵节 Yuánxiāo Jié the Lantern Festival
愚蠢 yúchǔn silly/stupid
岳母 yuèmǔ wife's mother/mother-in-law
乐谱 yuèpǔ sheet music
约束 yuēshù restrict/limit to/constrain/restriction
预料 yùliào anticipate/to forecast/expectation
舆论 yúlùn public opinion
愚昧 yúmèi ignorant/benighted
渔民 yúmín fisherman/fisher folk
yùn iron/press
蕴藏 yùncáng hold in store/contain untapped quantities
酝酿 yùnniàng mull over (an issue)/hold a preliminary round of exploratory discussions
运算 yùnsuàn (mathematical) operation
运行 yùnxíng movement/be in motion/run
孕育 yùnyù be pregnant/to produce offspring/nurture (a development, school of thought, artwork, etc.)
预期 yùqī expect/expected/anticipate
与日俱增 yǔrìjùzēng grow with each passing day
羽绒服 yǔróngfú down jacket
预算 yùsuàn budget
欲望 yùwàng desire/lust
预先 yùxiān beforehand/prior
预言 yùyán predict/prophecy
寓言 yùyán fable
预兆 yùzhào omen, sign
宇宙 yǔzhòu universe/cosmos
to smash/to pound/to break/fail
how, why (contraction of 怎么)
zǎi slaughter/butcher/govern/rule/imperial official in dynastic China
在意 zài yì care about/mind/care
再接再厉 zàijiēzàilì continue the struggle/persist/unremitting efforts
灾难 zāinàn disaster/catastrophe
栽培 zāipéi grow/educate/cultivate
杂技 zájì acrobatics
杂交 zájiāo create a hybrid/cross-fertilize
zǎn save/hoard
暂且 zànqiě for the moment/for the time being/temporarily
赞叹 zàntàn sigh or grasp in admiration/highly praise
赞助 zànzhù support/sponsor
遭殃 zāo yāng to suffer a calamity/go through a disaster
遭受 zāoshòu suffer/suffering/be subjected to (something unfortunate)
糟蹋 zāotà waste/ruin/wreck/spoil/slander
造型 zàoxíng make a model/to mold
噪音 zàoyīn uproar/rumble/noise/static
遭遇 zāoyù befall/suffer/encounter
责怪 zéguài blame/rebuke
zéi thief
赠送 zèngsòng give as a present
增添 zēngtiān add to/increase
zhā to prick/push a needle into/penetrating
zhā dregs/slag
zhǎ wink/blink
债券 zhàiquàn bond
摘要 zhāiyào summary/abstract
斩钉截铁 zhǎn dīng jié tiě to chop the nail and slice the iron (idiom)/resolute and decisive/definitely
沾光 zhān guāng bask in the light/benefit from association with sth./reflected glory
战斗 zhàndòu to fight/to battle/to struggle
障碍 zhàng'ài barrier/obstacle
章程 zhāngchéng written rules/statute/regulations/charter of a corporation
帐篷 zhàngpeng tent
占据 zhànjù occupy/hold/inhabit
占领 zhànlǐng occupy (a territory)/capture/seize
战略 zhànlüè strategy
展示 zhǎnshì open up/reveal/to display
战术 zhànshù (military) tactics
展望 zhǎnwàng outlook/prospect/to look ahead/look forward to
展现 zhǎnxiàn come out/emerge/express/show
崭新 zhǎnxīn brand new
瞻仰 zhānyǎng look at with reverence/admire
战役 zhànyì military campaign/battle
朝气蓬勃 zhāo qì péng bó full of youthful energy (idiom)/full of vigour and vitality/energetic/spirited/a bright spark
招标 zhāobiāo to beckon/to invite bids
着迷 zháomí to be fascinated
招收 zhāoshōu recruit/take in/to hire
照样 zhàoyàng as before/(same) as usual
照耀 zhàoyào to shine/illuminate
沼泽 zhǎozé marsh/swamp/glade/wetlands
诈骗 zhàpiàn defraud/swindle/blackmail
扎实 zhāshi strong/sturdy/practical
zhé to break/to fracture/convert into/to fold
遮挡 zhēdǎng shelter from/keep out
折磨 zhémo persecute/to torture
阵地 zhèndì position/battlefront
镇定 zhèndìng cool/calm/unperturbed
振奋 zhènfèn stir oneself up/raise one's spirits/inspire
正当 zhèng dāng timely/just when, (dàng) proper
争气 zhēng qì work hard for sth./determined not to fall short
争先恐后 zhēng xiān kǒng hòu striving to be first/compete with each other
政策 zhèngcè policy
争端 zhēngduān dispute/controversy/conflict
整顿 zhěngdùn organize/consolidate
争夺 zhēngduó fight over
蒸发 zhēngfā evaporate/evaporation
征服 zhēngfú conquer/subdue
正负 zhèngfù positive and negative/plus-minus
正规 zhèngguī formal/regular/according to standards
正经 zhèngjing decent/serious/standard/really
正气 zhèngqì healthy environment/healthy atmosphere
政权 zhèngquán regime/political power/authority
证实 zhèngshí confirm/verify
征收 zhēngshōu levy (fine)/impose (tariff)
证书 zhèngshū certificate/credentials
珍贵 zhēnguì precious
争议 zhēngyì controversy/dispute/contention
正义 zhèngyì justice/righteous
正月 zhēngyuè the first month of the lunar calendar
挣扎 zhēngzhá to struggle
郑重 zhèngzhòng serious/solemn
症状 zhèngzhuàng symptom (of an illness)
正宗 zhèngzōng authentic, orthodox/old school
震撼 zhènhàn to shake
震惊 zhènjīng shock/astonish/amaze
镇静 zhènjìng calm/cool/tranquil
真理 zhēnlǐ truth
阵容 zhènróng line-up/troop arrangement
侦探 zhēntàn detective
枕头 zhěntou pillow
珍稀 zhēnxī rare/precious and uncommon
真相 zhēnxiàng the actual facts/reality
振兴 zhènxīng develop vigorously/promote/revive/revitalize/invigorate/re-energize
真挚 zhēnzhì sincere/sincerity/genuine
珍珠 zhēnzhū pearl
斟酌 zhēnzhuó Consider/deliberate
折腾 zhēteng toss from side to side (e.g. sleeplessly)/do something over and over again/cause suffering/play crazy/screw around
zhī branch/twig/(mw for sticks, rods, pencils)
值班 zhí bān be on duty/work a shift
治安 zhì'ān law and order/public security
指标 zhǐbiāo target/norm/index/indicator
直播 zhíbō live broadcast (not recorded)
制裁 zhìcái punish/(economic) sanctions
支撑 zhīchēng support/prop up/crutch/brace
支出 zhīchū spend/pay out/expense
致辞 zhìcí make, deliver a speech
指定 zhǐdìng appoint/designate
脂肪 zhīfáng body fat
制服 zhìfú uniform/to subdue/to bring under control
之际 zhījì during/at the time of/the time when something happens
指甲 zhǐjia fingernail
直径 zhíjìng diameter
知觉 zhījué perception/consciousness/feeling
治理 zhìlǐ to bring under control/to govern/to manage
致力 zhìlì work for/devote one's efforts
智力 zhìlì intelligence/intellect
指令 zhǐlìng order/command/instruction
滞留 zhìliú detain/retention
支流 zhīliú tributary/minor aspect/offshoot
殖民地 zhímíndì colony
指南针 zhǐnánzhēn compass
智能 zhìnéng intelligent/capability/smart (phone, system, bomb, etc.)
职能 zhínéng function/role
支配 zhīpèi to control
志气 zhìqì ambition/resolve/backbone/drive/spirit
智商 zhìshāng IQ (intelligence quotient)
指示 zhǐshì indicate/instruct/instructions
致使 zhìshǐ cause/result in
指望 zhǐwàng hope for/count on/hope
职位 zhíwèi (professional) position
职务 zhíwù post/a position/job/duties
执行 zhíxíng implementation/carry out/execute
支援 zhīyuán to support/assist/aid
制约 zhìyuē restrict/condition
指责 zhǐzé to censure/criticize/find fault with
制止 zhìzhǐ to curb/to put a stop to
支柱 zhīzhù pillar/prop/mainstay/backbone
执着 zhízhuó to refuse to change one's viewpoint
侄子 zhízi nephew/brother's son or daughter
知足常乐 zhīzúchánglè content with what one has
众所周知 zhòng suǒ zhōu zhī as everyone knows/(saying) as is known to everyone
忠诚 zhōngchéng honest/loyalty/devoted
终点 zhōngdiǎn the end/end point/destination/finish line (in a race)
中断 zhōngduàn interrupt/break off
终究 zhōngjiū in the end/after all is said and done/eventually
中立 zhōnglì neutral/neutrality
肿瘤 zhǒngliú tumor/neoplasm
终身 zhōngshēn lifelong
忠实 zhōngshí faithful/dependable
衷心 zhōngxīn heartfelt/wholehearted/cordial
重心 zhòngxīn center of gravity/central core/main part
中央 zhōngyāng central/middle/center
终止 zhōngzhǐ stop/cease/terminate (legal)
种植 zhòngzhí plant/grow/crop
种子 zhǒngzi seed
种族 zhǒngzú race/ethnicity
zhōu boat (Kangxi radical 137)
zhōu province/sub-prefecture/(United States) state
zhōu porridge/congee/gruel
周边 zhōubiān surrounding
周密 zhōumì meticulous/careful/thorough
周年 zhōunián anniversary/annual
周期 zhōuqī period/cycle/rhythm
皱纹 zhòuwén wrinkle/furrow
昼夜 zhòuyè day and night/continuously without stop
周折 zhōuzhé setback/twists and turns/problem/complication
周转 zhōuzhuǎn turnover (in cash or personnel)/have enough resources to cover a need
zhū stem/root/trunk/(mw for plants)
zhǔ post/lean on a stick/prop
zhuài drag/haul
zhuān brick
专长 zhuāncháng specialty/special knowledge or ability
专程 zhuānchéng special-purpose trip
转达 zhuǎndá pass on/convey/communicate
zhuàng (mw for houses, buildings)/tent
装备 zhuāngbèi equipment/to equip/to outfit
壮观 zhuàngguān spectacular/grand (of buildings, monuments, scenery, etc.)
庄稼 zhuāngjia farm crops
壮丽 zhuànglì magnificence/splendid/majestic
壮烈 zhuàngliè brave and honorable
装卸 zhuāngxiè load and unload/to transfer
庄严 zhuāngyán stately/dignified
庄重 zhuāngzhòng grave/solemn/dignified
传记 zhuànjì biography
专利 zhuānlì patent
转让 zhuǎnràng transfer (technology, good, etc.)/make over
专题 zhuāntí special topic/questions/special matter or subject
转移 zhuǎnyí to shift/divert/migrate
转折 zhuǎnzhé turning point/shift in the trend of events/plot twist in a book
主办 zhǔbàn to host (a conference or sports event)
主导 zhǔdǎo leading/dominant/guiding
嘱咐 zhǔfù enjoin/to tell/exhort
主管 zhǔguǎn person in charge of (a position, etc.)/preside over/Chief Operating Officer (COO)
zhuì fall/drop
追悼 zhuīdào mourning/memorial (service, etc.)
追究 zhuījiū investigate/look into/find out
助理 zhùlǐ assistant
主流 zhǔliú main stream (of a river)/the essential point
逐年 zhúnián year after year/on an annual basis
准则 zhǔnzé principle/standard or norm/criterion
着手 zhuóshǒu put one's hand to/commence
着想 zhuóxiǎng give consideration to/consider (other people's) needs
卓越 zhuóyuè distinction/excellence/splendid
着重 zhuózhòng put emphasis on/to stress
主权 zhǔquán sovereignty
注射 zhùshè injection/inject (medicine)
注视 zhùshì watch attentively/gaze at/stare
注释 zhùshì annotate/annotation/note/make notes in the margin
助手 zhùshǒu assistant/helper
诸位 zhūwèi (pronoun) everyone/ladies and gentlemen
主义 zhǔyì -ism/ideology
铸造 zhùzào cast (pour metal into a mold)
驻扎 zhùzhā to station/to garrison (troops)
住宅 zhùzhái residence/tenement
注重 zhùzhòng pay attention/emphasize/put stress on
著作 zhùzuò work/book/writing
自力更生 zì lì gēng shēng (idiom) self reliance
自卑 zìbēi feel inferior/be self-abased
资本 zīběn (Economics) capital/asset
资产 zīchǎn property/assets
子弹 zǐdàn bullet/cartridge
自发 zìfā spontaneous/unprompted
自满 zìmǎn complacent/self-satisfied
滋润 zīrùn quenched/moist
资深 zīshēn experienced/senior
姿态 zītài attitude/posture/stance
滋味 zīwèi taste/flavor/the way one feels
资助 zīzhù subsidy/provide financial aid
自主 zìzhǔ independent/to act for oneself/autonomous
总而言之 zǒngéryánzhī in short/in a word
总和 zǒnghé sum
纵横 zònghéng able to move unhindered/length and breadth
踪迹 zōngjì tracks/trail/footprint/trace/vestige
宗教 zōngjiào religion
棕色 zōngsè brown (the color)
宗旨 zōngzhǐ purpose/objective/aim/goal
zòu (informal) beat/hit/(regional) smash/break
走私 zǒu sī smuggle/have an illicit affair
走廊 zǒuláng corridor/hallway
走漏 zǒulòu leak (information, liquid, etc)/divulge/reveal
阻碍 zǔ'ài obstruct/hinder/impede
钻石 zuànshí diamond
钻研 zuānyán study intensively/delve into
祖父 zǔfù paternal grandfather
祖国 zǔguó homeland/motherland/fatherland
嘴唇 zuǐchún lip
罪犯 zuìfàn criminal
阻拦 zǔlán to stop/obstruct/block off
租赁 zūlìn rent/lease
阻挠 zǔnáo thwart/to obstruct (something)/stand in the way
遵循 zūnxún follow/abide by
尊严 zūnyán dignity/sanctity/honor
作弊 zuòbì practice fraud/cheat
作废 zuòfèi cancellation/delete/to nullify/to expire and thus lose validity
作风 zuòfēng work style/way
琢磨 zuómo ponder/(also zhuómó: to polish (gems or literary works))
作息 zuòxī work and rest
座右铭 zuòyòumíng motto
做主 zuòzhǔ decide/take the responsibility for a decision
祖先 zǔxiān ancestor/forbearer
足以 zúyǐ sufficient to .../so much so that/sufficiently

HSK 1

150 words

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HSK 2

150 words

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HSK 3

300 words

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HSK 4

600 words

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HSK 5

1300 words

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HSK 6

2500 words

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