(shǒu)

HSK 5

Meaning

  1. head
  2. chief
  3. first
  4. (mw for poems and songs) (Kangxi radical 185)

Stroke Order

Traditional Chinese


  • Click on each of the traditional charachter above to animate the stroke order.

Pinyin Converter

  • shǒu > shou3

  • 1: First Tone 一声
  • 2: Second Tone 二声
  • 3: Third Tone 三声
  • 4: Fourth Tone 四声
  • 5: Fifth Tone (neutral) 五声

Words sharing similar characters

Hanzi Pinyin Meaning
首都 shǒudū capital (city)
首先 shǒuxiān first (of all)/in the first place/firstly
首饰 shǒushì jewelry
首要 shǒuyào the most important/chief/principal
元首 yuánshǒu head of state
案首 àn shǒu candidate who ranked 1st in imperial examination on prefecture or county level (in Ming and Qing dynasties)
昂首 áng shǒu head high/in high spirits/to raise one's head (e.g. of neighing horse)
昂首阔步 áng shǒu kuò bù striding forward with head high (idiom)/to walk with spirited and vigorous step/to strut
昂首挺胸 áng shǒu tǐng xiōng head high, chest out (idiom)/to keep up one's spirits/in fine mettle (of animal)
澳大利亚首都特区 Aò dà lì yà Shǒu dū Tè qū Australian Capital Territory
白首齐眉 bái shǒu qí méi (of a couple) to grow old together in mutual respect (idiom)
榜首 bǎng shǒu top of the list
匕首 bǐ shǒu dagger
部首 bù shǒu radical of a Chinese character
部首编排法 bù shǒu biān pái fǎ dictionary arrangement of Chinese characters under radicals
不首先使用 bù shǒu xiān shǐ yòng no first use (policy for nuclear weapons)/NFU
螭首 chī shǒu hornless dragon head (used as ornamentation, esp. gargoyles)
船首 chuán shǒu ship's bow
低首下心 dī shǒu xià xīn to be fawningly submissive (idiom)
顿首 dùn shǒu kowtow
匪首 fěi shǒu bandit
俯首 fǔ shǒu to bend one's head
俯首称臣 fǔ shǒu chēng chén to bow before (idiom)/to capitulate
俯首帖耳 fǔ shǒu tiē ěr bowed head and ears glued (idiom)/docile and obedient/at sb's beck and call
国家元首 guó jiā yuán shǒu head of state
国立首尔大学 Guó lì Shǒu ěr Dà xué Seoul National University SNU
颔首 hàn shǒu to nod one's head
颔首微笑 hàn shǒu wēi xiào to nod and smile
颔首之交 hàn shǒu zhī jiāo nodding acquaintance
皓首 hào shǒu white head of hair/fig. old person
皓首苍颜 hào shǒu cāng yán white hair and gray sunken cheeks (idiom)/decrepit old age
何首乌 hé shǒu wū Chinese knotweed (Polygonum multiflorum)/fleeceflower root
缳首 huán shǒu death by hanging
回首 huí shǒu to turn around/to look back/to recollect
会首 huì shǒu head of a society/sponsor of an organization
祸首 huò shǒu chief offender/main culprit
祸首罪魁 huò shǒu zuì kuí main offender, criminal ringleader (idiom)/main culprit/fig. main cause of a disaster
吉首 Jí shǒu Jishou county level city and capital of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture 湘西土家族苗族自治州[Xiāng xī Tǔ jiā zú Miáo zú zì zhì zhōu], Henan
疾首 jí shǒu extremely angry/infuriated/enraged/headache caused by anger
吉首市 Jí shǒu shì Jishou county level city and capital of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture 湘西土家族苗族自治州[Xiāng xī Tǔ jiā zú Miáo zú zì zhì zhōu], Henan
舰首 jiàn shǒu bow of a warship
界首 Jiè shǒu Jieshou county level city in Fuyang 阜陽|阜阳[Fù yáng], Anhui
界首市 Jiè shǒu shì Jieshou county level city in Fuyang 阜陽|阜阳[Fù yáng], Anhui
聚首 jù shǒu to gather/to meet
句首 jù shǒu start of phrase or sentence
居首 jū shǒu leading/in first place/top of the list
开首 kāi shǒu beginning/start/opening/in the beginning/to start/to open
刊首语 kān shǒu yǔ foreword/preface
叩首 kòu shǒu to kowtow/also written 磕頭|磕头[kē tóu]
魁首 kuí shǒu chief/first/brightest and best
马首是瞻 mǎ shǒu shì zhān to follow blindly (idiom)/to take as one's only guide
埋首 mái shǒu to immerse oneself in (one's work, studies etc)
门首 mén shǒu doorway/gate/entrance
面首 miàn shǒu handsome male companion/gigolo
蓬首垢面 péng shǒu gòu miàn lit. with disheveled hair and a dirty face/of unkempt appearance (idiom)
铺首 pū shǒu holder for door knocker
前首相 qián shǒu xiàng former prime minister
翘居群首 qiáo jū qún shǒu head and shoulders above the crowd (idiom)/preeminent/outstanding
翘首 qiáo shǒu to raise one's head and look
翘首以待 qiáo shǒu yǐ dài to hold one's breath (in anticipation) (idiom)/to anxiously await
群龙无首 qún lóng wú shǒu lit. a thunder of dragons without a head/fig. a group lacking a leader
搔首弄姿 sāo shǒu nòng zī to stroke one's hair coquettishly (idiom)
上首 shàng shǒu seat of honor/first place
身首异处 shēn shǒu yì chù to be decapitated (idiom)
石首 Shí shǒu Shishou county level city in Jingzhou 荊州|荆州[Jīng zhōu], Hubei
尸首 shī shou corpse/carcass/dead body
石首市 Shí shǒu shì Shishou county level city in Jingzhou 荊州|荆州[Jīng zhōu], Hubei
首办 shǒu bàn first organized/to run sth for the first time
首层 shǒu céng first floor/ground floor
首倡 shǒu chàng to initiate
首创 shǒu chuàng to create/original creation/to be the first to do sth
首创者 shǒu chuàng zhě creator/originator/first proponent
首次 shǒu cì first/first time/for the first time
首次公开招股 shǒu cì gōng kāi zhāo gǔ initial public offering (IPO)
首次注视时间 shǒu cì zhù shì shí jiān first fixation duration
首当其冲 shǒu dāng qí chōng to bear the brunt
首度 shǒu dù first time
首都 shǒu dū capital (city)/CL:個|个[gè]
首都国际机场 Shǒu dū Guó jì Jī chǎng Beijing Capital International Airport
首都机场 Shǒu dū Jī chǎng Beijing Airport (PEK)/also translated as Capital Airport
首都经济贸易大学 Shǒu dū Jīng jì Mào yì Dà xué Capital University of Economics and Business (Beijing)
首都经贸大学 Shǒu dū Jīng mào Dà xué Capital University of Business and Economics, Beijing
首都剧场 Shǒu dū Jù chǎng the Capital Theater (in Beijing)
首都领地 shǒu dū lǐng dì capital territory/Australian Capital Territory (ACT) around Canberra 堪培拉
首尔 Shǒu ěr Seoul, capital of South Korea (Chinese name adopted in 2005 to replace 漢城|汉城[Hàn chéng])
首尔国立大学 Shǒu ěr Guó lì Dà xué Seoul National University (SNU or Seoul National), Korea
首尔特别市 Shǒu ěr Tè bié shì Seoul Special Metropolitan City, official name of the capital of South Korea
首发 shǒu fā first issue/first public showing
首付 shǒu fù down payment
首富 shǒu fù richest individual/top millionaire
首府 shǒu fǔ capital city of an autonomous region
首付款 shǒu fù kuǎn down payment
首季 shǒu jì first season/first quarter
首级 shǒu jí severed head
首家 shǒu jiā first (hotel of its type, store of its type etc)
首届 shǒu jiè first session (of a conference etc)
首肯 shǒu kěn to give a nod of approval
首款 shǒu kuǎn to confess one's crime/first model, version, kind etc (of gadgets, software, cars etc)
首例 shǒu lì first case/first instance
首领 shǒu lǐng head/boss/chief
首轮 shǒu lún first round (of a competition etc)
首脑 shǒu nǎo head (of state)/summit (meeting)/leader
首脑会谈 shǒu nǎo huì tán summit talks/discussion between heads of state
首脑会晤 shǒu nǎo huì wù leadership meeting
首脑会议 shǒu nǎo huì yì leadership conference/summit meeting
首屈一指 shǒu qū yī zhǐ to count as number one (idiom)/second to none/outstanding
首任 shǒu rèn first person to be appointed to a post
首日封 shǒu rì fēng first day cover (philately)
首善之区 shǒu shàn zhī qū the finest place in the nation (often used in reference to the capital city)/also written 首善之地[shǒu shàn zhī dì]
首饰 shǒu shì jewelry/head ornament
首鼠两端 shǒu shǔ liǎng duān (idiom) to hesitate/to remain undecided
首推 shǒu tuī to regard as the foremost/to name as a prime example/to implement for the first time
首位 shǒu wèi first place
首尾 shǒu wěi head and tail
首尾相接 shǒu wěi xiāng jiē to join head to tail/bumper-to-bumper (of traffic jam)
首尾音 shǒu wěi yīn onset and rime
首席 shǒu xí chief (representative, correspondent etc)
首席财务官 shǒu xí cái wù guān chief financial officer (CFO)
首席大法官 shǒu xí dà fǎ guān Chief Justice (of US Supreme Court)
首席代表 shǒu xí dài biǎo chief representative
首席法官 shǒu xí fǎ guān Chief Justice
首席技术官 shǒu xí jì shù guān chief technology officer (CTO)
首席信息官 shǒu xí xìn xī guān chief information officer (CIO)
首席营销官 shǒu xí yíng xiāo guān chief marketing officer (CMO)
首席运营官 shǒu xí yùn yíng guān chief operating officer (COO)
首席执行官 shǒu xí zhí xíng guān chief executive officer (CEO)
首先 shǒu xiān first (of all)/in the first place
首县 shǒu xiàn principal county magistrate in imperial China
首相 shǒu xiàng prime minister (of Japan or UK etc)
首秀 shǒu xiù debut
首选 shǒu xuǎn first choice/premium/to come first in the imperial examinations
首演 shǒu yǎn maiden stage role/first performance/first public showing
首要 shǒu yào the most important/of chief importance
首页 shǒu yè home page (of a website)/title page/front page/first page/fig. beginning/cover letter
首邑 shǒu yì local capital/regional capital
首音 shǒu yīn onset (linguistics)
首映 shǒu yìng to premiere (a movie or TV show)/premiere (of a movie)/first-run (movie)/to greet (the eye) before anything else (e.g. when entering a room)
首映式 shǒu yìng shì premiere of a movie
首长 shǒu zhǎng senior official
首重 shǒu zhòng to emphasize/to give the most weight to/to rank first
首字母 shǒu zì mǔ initial letters
首字母拚音词 shǒu zì mǔ pīn yīn cí acronym
首字母缩写 shǒu zì mǔ suō xiě acronym
岁首 suì shǒu start of the year
唐诗三百首 Táng shī Sān bǎi Shǒu Three Hundred Tang Poems, an anthology collected around 1763 by Sun Zhu 孫誅
特首 tè shǒu chief executive of Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong or Macao)/abbr. for 特別行政區首席執行官|特别行政区首席执行官
痛心疾首 tòng xīn jí shǒu bitter and hateful (idiom)/to grieve and lament (over sth)
为首 wéi shǒu head/be headed by
畏首畏尾 wèi shǒu wèi wěi afraid of the head, terrified of the tail (idiom)/ever fearful and nervous/afraid of the slightest thing
岘首山 Xiàn shǒu shān Mt Xianshou in Hubei
枭首 xiāo shǒu to behead
枭首示众 xiāo shǒu shì zhòng to behead sb and display the head in public
旬首 xún shǒu start of a ten day period
页首 yè shǒu the top of the page/(word processing) page header
右首 yòu shǒu right-hand side
元首 yuán shǒu head of state
陨首 yǔn shǒu to offer one's life in sacrifice
斩首 zhǎn shǒu to behead
帧首定界符 zhēn shǒu dìng jiè fú start frame delimiter (SFD)
政府首脑 zhèng fǔ shǒu nǎo head of state/government leader
自首 zì shǒu to give oneself up/to surrender (to the authorities)
字首 zì shǒu prefix
罪魁祸首 zuì kuí huò shǒu criminal ringleader, main offender (idiom)/main culprit/fig. main cause of a disaster
左首 zuǒ shǒu left-hand side

HSK 1

150 words

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HSK 2

150 words

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HSK 3

300 words

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HSK 4

600 words

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HSK 5

1300 words

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HSK 6

2500 words

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