(duàn)

HSK 5

Meaning

  1. to break
  2. decide
  3. absolutely (usually negative)

Stroke Order

Traditional Chinese


  • Click on each of the traditional charachter above to animate the stroke order.

Pinyin Converter

  • duàn > duan4

  • 1: First Tone 一声
  • 2: Second Tone 二声
  • 3: Third Tone 三声
  • 4: Fourth Tone 四声
  • 5: Fifth Tone (neutral) 五声

Words sharing similar characters

Hanzi Pinyin Meaning
判断 pànduàn to judge/judgment/to decide
不断 búduàn unceasing/uninterrupted/continuously
诊断 zhěnduàn diagnosis/diagnose
断定 duàndìng conclude/determine/figure out
断绝 duànjué sever/break off
果断 guǒduàn firm/decisive
垄断 lǒngduàn monopoly
片断 piànduàn part/passage/extract/fragment/snatch
中断 zhōngduàn interrupt/break off
拗断 ǎo duàn to break by twisting
不断 bù duàn unceasing/uninterrupted/continuous/constant
裁断 cái duàn to consider and decide
残垣断壁 cán yuán duàn bì crumbling fences and dilapidated walls (idiom)
长流水,不断线 cháng liú shuǐ, bù duàn xiàn continuous and patient effort (idiom)
冲断层 chōng duàn céng thrust fault (geology)/compression fault
词汇判断 cí huì pàn duàn lexical decision
词汇判断法 cí huì pàn duàn fǎ lexical decision task
词汇判断任务 cí huì pàn duàn rèn wu lexical decision task (psychology)
词汇判断作业 cí huì pàn duàn zuò yè lexical decision task
打断 dǎ duàn to interrupt/to break off/to break (a bone)
当断即断 dāng duàn jí duàn not to delay making a decision when a decision is needed
当断则断 dāng duàn zé duàn to make a decision when it's time to decide
当机立断 dāng jī lì duàn to make prompt decisions (idiom)
点断式 diǎn duàn shì designed to be torn off along a line of perforations
电脑断层扫描 diàn nǎo duàn céng sǎo miáo CAT scan/CT scan
跌断 diē duàn to fall and fracture (a leg, vertebra etc)
独断 dú duàn to decide alone without consultation/arbitrary/dictatorial
独断独行 dú duàn dú xíng to decide and act alone (idiom)/to take arbitrary action/a law unto oneself
独断专行 dú duàn zhuān xíng to decide and act alone (idiom)/to take arbitrary action/a law unto oneself
断案 duàn àn to judge a case
断背 duàn bèi homosexual (a reference to Brokeback Mountain 斷背山|断背山[Duàn bèi Shān], a 2005 movie about a same-sex relationship)
断背山 Duàn bèi Shān Brokeback Mountain, 2005 English-language film by Ang Lee 李安[Lǐ An1]
断层 duàn céng fault (geology)/CL:道[dào],個|个[gè]/(fig.) gap/rupture (in the transmission of some skill)/(tomography) cross-sectional
断层线 duàn céng xiàn geological fault line
断肠 duàn cháng heartbroken/to break one's heart
断代 duàn dài periodization (of history)
断档 duàn dàng sold out/to be out of stock
断电 duàn diàn power cut/electric power failure
断定 duàn dìng to conclude/to determine/to come to a judgment
断断续续 duàn duàn xù xù intermittent/off and on/discontinuous/stop-go/stammering/disjointed/inarticulate
断港绝潢 duàn gǎng jué huáng to be unable to continue/to come to a dead end (idiom)
断行 duàn háng line break (computing)
断乎 duàn hū certainly
断魂椒 duàn hún jiāo king cobra or ghost chili (Naga jolokia)
断货 duàn huò to run out of (stock)
断交 duàn jiāo to end a relationship/to break off diplomatic ties
断句 duàn jù to pause at appropriate points in reading aloud unpunctuated writing/to punctuate
断绝 duàn jué to sever/to break off
断开 duàn kāi to break/to sever/to turn off (electric switch)
断粮 duàn liáng to run out of food
断裂 duàn liè fracture/rupture/to break apart
断裂带 duàn liè dài fault zone (geology)
断裂模数 duàn liè mó shù modulus rupture
断裂强度 duàn liè qiáng dù rupture strength/breaking strength
断流 duàn liú to run dry (of river)
断路器 duàn lù qì circuit breaker
断灭 duàn miè annihilation (of soul, Sanskrit uccheda)
断灭论 duàn miè lùn annihilation (of soul, Sanskrit uccheda)
断奶 duàn nǎi to wean
断片 duàn piàn fragment/piece/(of a film) to break in the middle of viewing
断气 duàn qì to stop breathing/to breathe one's last/to die/to cut the gas supply
断桥 Duàn Qiáo The Broken Bridge (at West Lake in Hangzhou)
断球 duàn qiú (sports) to steal/to intercept the ball
断然 duàn rán resolute/definitive/categorically/absolutely
断食 duàn shí to fast/hunger strike
断送 duàn sòng to forfeit (future profit, one's life etc)/ruined
断头台 duàn tóu tái guillotine/scaffold
断腿 duàn tuǐ broken leg
断瓦残垣 duàn wǎ cán yuán the tiles are broken, the walls dilapidated
断弦 duàn xián widowed/lit. broken string, cf 琴瑟[qín sè] qin and se, two instruments epitomizing marital harmony
断线 duàn xiàn (of a guitar, kite etc) to have a string break/(of a tradition etc) to be discontinued/(telephone or Internet connection) disconnected/cut off
断线风筝 duàn xiàn fēng zhēng a kite with cut string (idiom)/fig. gone beyond recall
断线钳 duàn xiàn qián bolt cutter
断想 duàn xiǎng brief commentary
断行 duàn xíng to carry out resolutely
断袖 duàn xiù homosexual/see 斷袖之癖|断袖之癖[duàn xiù zhī pǐ]
断袖之癖 duàn xiù zhī pǐ lit. cut sleeve (idiom)/fig. euphemism for homosexuality, originating from History of Western Han 漢書|汉书: emperor Han Aidi (real name Liu Xin) was in bed with his lover Dong Xian, and had to attend a court audience that morning. Not wishing to awaken Dong Xian, who was sleeping with his head resting on the emperor's long robe sleeve, Aidi used a knife to cut off the lower half of his sleeve.
断续 duàn xù intermittent
断崖 duàn yá steep cliff/crag/precipice
断言 duàn yán to assert/assertion
断狱 duàn yù to pass judgment on a legal case
断语 duàn yǔ conclusion/judgment/verdict
断章取义 duàn zhāng qǔ yì to quote out of context (idiom)
断子绝孙 duàn zǐ jué sūn to die without progeny/(offensive) may you die childless/may you be the last of your family line
多谋善断 duō móu shàn duàn resourceful and decisive/resolute and sagacious
恩断义绝 ēn duàn yì jué to split up/to break all ties
反垄断 fǎn lǒng duàn anti-trust legislation/anti-monopoly
反垄断法 fǎn lǒng duàn fǎ anti-trust law/legislation again monopolies
风波不断 fēng bō bù duàn constantly in turmoil/crisis after crisis
肝肠寸断 gān cháng cùn duàn lit. liver and guts cut to pieces (idiom)/fig. grief-stricken
割断 gē duàn to cut off/to sever
隔断 gé duàn partition/to stand between/wall or fence serving as partition
隔断板 gé duàn bǎn partition board
割袍断义 gē páo duàn yì to rip one's robe as a sign of repudiating a sworn brotherhood (idiom)/to break all friendly ties
公断 gōng duàn arbitration (law)
挂断 guà duàn to hang up (a phone)
寡头垄断 guǎ tóu lǒng duàn oligopoly
果断 guǒ duàn firm/decisive
喝断片 hē duàn piàn to get blackout drunk (slang)
横断 héng duàn to cross (a road, an ocean etc)/to cut across
横断步道 héng duàn bù dào pedestrian crossing
横断面 héng duàn miàn horizontal section
横断山脉 Héng duàn shān mài Hengduan mountains, several parallel mountain ranges on the border between west Yunnan and Sichuan and east Tibet
横断物 héng duàn wù transverse object
计算机断层 jì suàn jī duàn céng CT, computed tomography (medical imaging method)
夹断 jiā duàn to nip (i.e. cut short)/to pinch off
剪断 jiǎn duàn to cut/to snip
间断 jiàn duàn disconnected/interrupted/suspended/a gap/a break
戒断 jiè duàn withdrawal (from drugs)
截断 jié duàn to break or cut in two/to sever/to cut off/(fig.) to cut off (a conversation, a flow etc)/to interrupt/(math.) to truncate
接连不断 jiē lián bù duàn in unbroken succession (idiom)
决断 jué duàn to make a decision/resolution/decisiveness/resolute
砍断 kǎn duàn to chop off
快刀断乱麻 kuài dāo duàn luàn má lit. quick sword cuts through tangled hemp (idiom)/decisive action in a complex situation/cutting the Gordian knot
连续不断 lián xù bù duàn continuous/unceasing
了断 liǎo duàn to bring to a conclusion/to settle (a dispute)/to do away with (oneself)/to break off (a relationship)/resolution (of a problem)
垄断 lǒng duàn to enjoy market dominance/to monopolize
垄断贩卖 lǒng duàn fàn mài monopoly
龙门断层 Lóng mén duàn céng Longmenshan fault line, a tectonically active thrust fault line at the northwest boundary of the Sichuan basin
龙门山断层 Lóng mén shān duàn céng Longmenshan fault line, a tectonically active thrust fault line at the northwest boundary of the Sichuan basin
论断 lùn duàn to infer/to judge/inference/judgment/conclusion
买断 mǎi duàn to buy out/buyout/severance
逆断层 nì duàn céng reverse fault (geology)/compression fault, where one block pushes over the other at dip of less than 45 degrees
藕断丝连 ǒu duàn sī lián lit. lotus roots may break, but the fiber remains joined (idiom)/lovers part, but still long for one another
判断 pàn duàn to judge/to determine/judgment
判断力 pàn duàn lì ability to judge/judgment
判断语 pàn duàn yǔ predicate
片断 piàn duàn section/fragment/segment
评断 píng duàn to judge
掐断 qiā duàn cut off/disconnect
切断 qiē duàn to cut off/to sever
清官难断家务事 qīng guān nán duàn jiā wù shì even an honest and upright official will have difficulty resolving a family dispute (proverb)
熔断 róng duàn (of fuse wire) to melt/to blow
熔断机制 róng duàn jī zhì (finance) trading curb/circuit breaker
熔断丝 róng duàn sī fuse wire
柔肠寸断 róu cháng cùn duàn lit. to feel as if one's intestines have been cut short/broken-hearted (idiom)
擅断 shàn duàn arbitrary
伤筋断骨 shāng jīn duàn gǔ to suffer serious injury (idiom)
审断 shěn duàn to examine
圣安地列斯断层 Shèng ān de liè sī Duàn céng San Andreas Fault, California/also written 聖安德列斯斷層|圣安德列斯断层
圣安德列斯断层 Shèng ān dé liè sī Duàn céng San Andreas Fault, California
时断时续 shí duàn shí xù stopping and starting/intermittent/sporadic/on and off
识文断字 shí wén duàn zì literate/a cultured person
摔断 shuāi duàn to fall and break/to break (bones) by falling
听断 tīng duàn to judge (i.e. to hear and pass judgment in a law court)/to hear and decide
投鞭断流 tóu biān duàn liú arms enough to stem the stream (idiom)/formidable army
推断 tuī duàn to infer/to deduce/to predict/to extrapolate
颓垣断壁 tuí yuán duàn bì crumbling fences and dilapidated walls (idiom)
妄断 wàng duàn to jump to an unfounded conclusion
武断 wǔ duàn arbitrary/subjective/dogmatic
眼穿肠断 yǎn chuān cháng duàn waiting anxiously (idiom)
逸尘断鞅 yì chén duàn yāng lit. kicking up the dust and breaking the harness/fig. to ride like the wind (idiom)
一刀两断 yī dāo liǎng duàn lit. two segments with a single cut (idiom)/fig. to make a clean break (idiom)
臆断 yì duàn to assume/assumption
应机立断 yìng jī lì duàn to act on an opportunity (idiom)/to take prompt advantage of a situation
英明果断 yīng míng guǒ duàn wise and resolute
优柔寡断 yōu róu guǎ duàn indecisive/irresolute
源源不断 yuán yuán bù duàn a steady flow (idiom)/an unending stream
斩断 zhǎn duàn to cut off/to chop sth in half
折断 zhé duàn to snap sth off/to break
遮断 zhē duàn to cut off/to interrupt/to prevent access
诊断 zhěn duàn diagnosis/to diagnose
正电子断层 zhèng diàn zǐ duàn céng PET, positron emission tomography (medical imaging method)
正电子发射断层照相术 zhèng diàn zǐ fā shè duàn céng zhào xiāng shù positron emission tomography (PET)
正电子发射计算机断层 zhèng diàn zǐ fā shè jì suàn jī duàn céng PET, positron emission tomography (medical imaging method)
正电子照射断层摄影 zhèng diàn zǐ zhào shè duàn céng shè yǐng positrion emission tomography (PET)
正断层 zhèng duàn céng normal fault (geology)
中断 zhōng duàn to cut short/to break off/to discontinue/to interrupt
专断 zhuān duàn to act arbitrarily/to make decisions without consulting others
转换断层 zhuǎn huàn duàn céng transform fault (geology)
自行了断 zì xíng liǎo duàn to take one's life
纵断面 zòng duàn miàn vertical section/longitudinal section
走向断层 zǒu xiàng duàn céng strike fault (geology)
走向滑动断层 zǒu xiàng huá dòng duàn céng strike-slip fault (geology)/fault line where the two sides slide horizontally past one another
阻断 zǔ duàn to block/to obstruct/to intercept/to interdict

HSK 1

150 words

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HSK 2

150 words

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HSK 3

300 words

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HSK 4

600 words

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HSK 5

1300 words

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HSK 6

2500 words

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